U.S. District Courts. The district courts are the federal courts where cases are tried, witnesses testify, and juries serve. Congress has divided the country into 94 federal judicial districts, each with its own U.S. district court. Each district court has a separate bankruptcy court. U.S. District Court - Northern District of Indiana. In federal cases, the firm offers legal representation nationwide. The attorneys at Kirby & McGuinn, A P.C. handle cases involving commercial bankruptcy; commercial collection and creditor rights; lending and commercial transactions; loan servicing, receivership and foreclosure; business and real estate litigation, and probate, trust and. (a) Special courts are created by the U.S. and state governments. (b) US Bankruptcy Courts hear bankruptcy cases; US Tax Court hears federal tax cases; the US Court of Federal Claims hears cases involving monetary damages against the US government; the US Court of Appeals for Veteran's Claims hears appeals of decisions made by the Board of Veteran's Appeals, and so on.
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These courthouses also receive appeals from several labor boards with state jurisdiction including workers compensation and public employment issues. With jurisdiction over decisions made by the state appeals courts, the Supreme Court is the final authority on matters of state law in California. Seven justices preside over cases at this level in San Francisco and alternative locations in major cities.
It also sets standards for judicial conduct and advises legislators on the interpretation of state law. In the fiscal year there were 19 death sentence appeals which contributed to the court's 85 written decisions for the year. In total, the court received about 7, filings and disposed of 7, cases. The cases heard in appeals courts are generally contested decisions from superior courts.
The state supreme court is the last resort for appeals of lower court decisions. It also presides over the state bar, consults on the constitutionality of state laws, and may exercise its authority on writs to ensure cases comply with applicable laws.
There are four divisions of federal courts in California that hear cases involving violations of federal laws, bankruptcy cases , and cases that cross state lines.
Records for federal cases may be searched online. Civil Caseloads for California, the sum of all civil cases reported by the state, account for 4,, total cases at the year end of , which makes it 2, cases per The number of civil court caseloads in has decreased since , being , vs. The caseload for small claims has decreased since , going from , cases a year to , of Accordingly the small claims rate has decreased- cases per population compared to the of The total percentage of civil caseloads accounts Total criminal cases have decreased in California compared to the criminal caseload of - 1,, cases.
It has decreased since , the difference in caseloads is 3, for the last 5 years, being , in Last Name:. Search Now. California Trial Court Records There are 58 superior courts in California, distributed by population density and geography, mentioned California courthouses handle criminal and civil matters.
California Appellate Courts Above superior courts are the state's six appellate districts and judges. California Supreme Court With jurisdiction over decisions made by the state appeals courts, the Supreme Court is the final authority on matters of state law in California. Federal courts of CA There are four divisions of federal courts in California that hear cases involving violations of federal laws, bankruptcy cases , and cases that cross state lines.
Under the provisions of the Senate bill, the bankruptcy judge would be permitted to dismiss a personal bankruptcy case if he believed that a settlement would constitute a ''substantial abuse'' of the bankruptcy code. The bill also calls for court-appointed trustees to set out, in an unbiased fashion, the options available to individuals filing for personal bankruptcy.
The consumer credit industry had lobbied for legislation that would have required judges to consider an individual's future income before settling a bankruptcy case. Spokesmen for the industry said, however, that they were pleased with the provisions designed to prevent abuse of the bankruptcy code.
Smith, a spokesman for the American Financial Services Association, which has been a principal part of the lobbying effort. The creation of 61 new district court judgeships and 24 new court of appeals judgeships was a major issue of contention in the Senate. The judgeships were created to handle growing caseloads that have become a burden to Federal judges, but some members of the Senate, principally from the South, considered the new judges unnecessary.
Senator Jesse Helms, Republican of North Carolina, attributed the heavy burden of work to ''judicial activism and usurpation by the judges themselves'' and added:. The 'right' to abortion, the 'right' to drive voluntary school prayer out of the schools and the 'right' to massive forced busing to achieve racial balance would all be novelties to those who drafted the United States Constitution.
The Senate actually acted on two separate bills today, folding its response to the Supreme Court decision into a bill intended to combat abuse of the bankruptcy code. Representative Peter W. Rodino Jr. Rodino, a Democrat from New Jersey, has repeatedly stated that he wished to act on the constitutional question of the bankruptcy judges before making adjustments in other sections of bankruptcy law.
A House aide said that he believed the Senate bankruptcy package would not be acceptable to Mr. View on timesmachine. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions.