Official Bankruptcy Forms must be used to file and take action in bankruptcy cases. Procedural Forms also may be necessary for use during the course of some bankruptcy proceedings. Local Bankruptcy Forms (LBF) These Local Forms and Orders are designed to promote consistency and clarity for the participants in bankruptcy proceedings. Official Bankruptcy Forms Official Bankruptcy Forms are approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States to file and take action in bankruptcy cases and adversary proceedings. For more information, such as instructions and committee notes, please . If you're a creditor who has been named in a bankruptcy case, you can't stake your claim unless you file a special form and submit it to the bankruptcy court in a timely fashion. This process is known as the proof of claim, which can be downloaded from the U.S. Courts website. Keep in mind that you'll need to support your claim with documents.
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That refers to how the security agreement is registered, recorded, or otherwise made available for interested parties to discover. Include the amount needed to cure the defaulted lease as of the date the bankruptcy case was filed. If the debtor owes you money, and you owe the debtor money, they may cancel each other out—at least partially. This tradeoff is known as a right of setoff. Identify the property you have that could be setoff against the claim.
For instance, if you have a deposit account at the bank, the bank owes you that money. In that case, the property you identify is the bank account. There are several classes of debt that are entitled to priority. These debts will be paid before other types of debt if there isn't enough money to pay all approved claims in full. Understanding the difference between a priority claim and a non-priority claim can be tricky, and you should consult a qualified bankruptcy attorney to help you.
Finally, you are required to identify yourself and sign the claim form. Every claim form is signed under penalty of perjury , which means you can be prosecuted, and filed or jailed for lying on the form. You need to file any supporting documentation you have with your claim form. This documentation will include promissory notes, contracts, invoices, security agreements, or other writings that prove the agreement. You may submit things like monthly statements, pay records, and ledgers.
Without the supporting documents—which are required under the bankruptcy rules—the proof of claim is incomplete and will likely draw an objection from the trustee or the debtor. In a Chapter 7 case, if the bankruptcy trustee finds assets of the debtor that he or she can sell or liquidate, he will notify the creditors that there will be a distribution.
If you don't, no payment will be made, even if the claim is valid. In a Chapter 13 case, you will have to file your claim form 90 days after the meeting of creditors. You will not be paid unless you file a proof of claim. If your debt is secured, but you file no claim form, the debtor can file one for you to ensure you're paid. When that happens, you have no control over what the debtor includes in the form, but you can amend it.
The bankruptcy court approves most proofs of claim. But in some cases, the debtor, trustee, or another party can object to your claim before a judge grants that approval.
Here are some common reasons that may apply:. Any objections must be received in writing by the bankruptcy court, with a copy served to the creditor at least 30 days before a hearing.
If you're a creditor who has been named in a bankruptcy case, you can't stake your claim unless you file a special form and submit it to the bankruptcy court in a timely fashion. This process is known as the proof of claim , which can be downloaded from the U. Courts website. Keep in mind that you'll need to support your claim with documents that establish a relationship that exists with the debtor, outlining the nature of the debt and how much money you're owed.
The Balance does not provide tax, investment, or financial services and advice. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal. Bankruptcy Paperwork. By Full Bio. The Official Bankruptcy Forms are posted to publicize the content and format of the forms and may be used by the public in bankruptcy cases. Instructions for some of the Official Bankruptcy Forms are unavailable because they are under revision.
The revised Instructions will be posted here as they are available. To enhance usability, some of the forms can be filled in electronically. After completion, such "fillable forms" should be printed and filed by using the "print" button at the bottom of the form. If additional space is needed to complete a field in a fillable form, use a separate sheet of paper and include the case name, case number if known , and a description or the number of the field being continued.
Certain versions of Adobe Acrobat and other PDF editing software allow the user to save a fillable form after data has been entered, and edit that information at a future date. To "flatten" the electronic file i.