Material Information Title: The Ocala evening star Uniform Title: Ocala Evening Star Alternate Title: Evening star Star Physical Description: v.: ; 61 cm. to a fortunate speculation in real estate. Miss Charlotte Uodley. of Bayside, in going to and from work, heard much talk on the Long Island Railroad trains about real estate. Having saved some money, real estate experts ia called a gore," was for sale, cheap. The property was just outside, of. Record Information: Bibliographic ID: UF Volume ID: VID Source Institution: University of Florida: Holding Location: University of Florida.
They stood there on the ground which they now called their own, — they stood there, after many perils of the land and of the sea — they stood there with the sanction of the only church which they reverenced — they stood there, men and women, with their children, and their cattle, and their goods — to take possession of the land and to subdue it.
How they fulfilled their destiny, we have only to look around us and see to-day. That little band, sitting down by that silent stream, soon taught its unfurrowed waters to labor for their sustenance ; the tall trees were levelled with the earth, and sprang up anon in the form of dwellings ; the hill-sides, bleak and cold in the early spring time, were presently covered with the creatures which were to fur- nish the next year's raiment for that undaunted band.
And yet a little while expanding in their strength, offshoots were seen, stretching to the West and the North, and saying, " Make way, for the place is too strait for us. Two hundred and twenty years have passed, and all this and much more has been long accomplished.
The Indians Tvhom the first English settlers found in the territo- ry Ave now occupy, were of the Pawtucket nation. This tribe laid claim to all the country lying between the Piscataqua river, and the river Charles, and back, inland, to what is now Concord, New Hampshire. They had one chieftain, who resided at his pleasure at diflferent places within this domain, called Nanapashemet But the Pawtuckets, though numbering at one time warriors, had been fearfully reduced by two dreadful scourges, previous to any attempted settlement of Newbury.
Ten days must be added to any date in the sixteenth century, and eleven days in the seventeenth, to bring them up to the present style of reckoning. The land itself, from its first discovery by the elder Cabot, if we reject the enticing Scandinavian and Welch legends, was visited successively by Gosnold and Martin Pring, in ; but the first regular survey of this portion of the coast was made by the cele- brated Captain John Smith, the founder of Jamestown, who in made an expedition to the north-east, and on his return to London, published an account of this part of the country, with a map of the coast ; and the land itself nominally passed into the possession of many hands before it was won by our ancestors for themselves.
In , it was granted to Sir Fernando Georges and others, in the name of the Grand Council of Plymouth, and under this patent was first called New England, by royal authority.
Again the land was sold to another party ; the Council of Plymouth, most of whom remained in England, sold " that part of New Eng- land which lies between three miles north of the Merrimac river and three miles to the south of Charles river," to a company of six gen- tlemen, including John Endicott,f one of Salem's illustrious names.
In the General Court granted him special permission to have his gun mended by a smith ; no smith being allowed to repair fii'e-arms for an Indian without leave.
I Mason. But not content with its having been twice sold, the last named company, some of whom remained in England, obtained in another charter from King Charles, re-confirming their patent given bj the Council of Plymouth, and obtaining in addition, the right to exercise powers of government. Each settlement having ten freemen, was entitled to a deputy.
The Governor and Council assumed jurisdiction over the Indians left within the terri- tory, as weU as the white inhabitants. In we find that the Sagamore of Agawam, the late lord of the land we occupy, was forbidden by the General Court, to " enter any Englishman's house, for a year, under penalty of ten beaver skins ; " which punishment was inflicted, on account of his having, in some way, given affront to his ancient enemies, the Tarratines ; and the Governor probably feared another irruption of that still unsubdued tribe.
Yet, under the noble Winthrop, no white man was permitted, with impunity, to injure an Indian. Josias Plaistow, having stolen four pecks of com from an Indian, was ordered by the Court to return eight pecks ; and " to be hereafter called Josias, and not Jir.
The idea was broached, at the time that these interesting relics were dis- covered, that the place had been used as a cemetery ; but had this been the case, these would not have been solitary witnesses of the long departed race. Among these was Newbury. In behalf of himself and heirs, Samuel English, a grandson of Masconomo, in , in consideration of ten pounds current money, paid him by the Selectmen of Newbury, confirmed to them and their heirs forever, a " tract of land, ten thousand acres more or less, containing the township of Newbury, being bounded north and north-west by the river Merrimac, east by the sea, west by Bradford line, and south by Rowley.
The part of Newbury first settled was the northern bank of the Quascacunquen now Parker river ; which inclines us to the be- lief that the centennial deposit, at the mouth of the Merrimac, which has occurred twice since that period, was then in unpromising exist- ence at the entrance of the river. Captain J. Woodell found a piece of an arrow-head in his field, and on land which has probably been cultivated over two hundred years, is occasion- ally turned up some fragmentary witness of the existence of the departed Pawtuckets.
That the " sandy island" was soon after washed away, and one improved passage laid open to the adventurous mariner, is certain. Wood, who came to this country in , and stayed four years ; when he returned to England and published "New England's Prospect" , and the next year a map of this part of the coast.
In G he returned to this country and settled in Lynn. At this time the sand had so accumulated on the bar, that no large vessel could safely venture over with the wind from any point between N. The new channel, had it continued, would have shortened the distance from the bar to the town over a mile ; and it was proposed to secure it by artificial means, but the hope of accomplishing this proved fallacious, and the shifting sands were found as untamable as ever.
Nearly as great changes took place towards the close of the eighteenth century. The site of the fort which was built on Plum Island, to protect the harbor during the Revolutionary war, would now, by the changes in the channel, be found on the Salisbury shore. That the bar and general configuration of the approaches to the Merrimac have materially altered, rather than that these first explorers were so egregiously deceived, appears a reasonable conclusion ; as within the remembrance of many now living, there have been considerable alterations in the approaches to the Merrimac, and we can scarcely speculate on the position of these shifting sands two hundred and twenty years ago.
But though the first regular settlement was made in the neighbor- hood of the lower green, Old Town, yet we find that two years earlier, Sept. John Winthrop, Jr. The stray settlers who engaged in this business, were not numerous enough, however, to excite the jealousies of the organized companies and permanent settlers, who followed in successive bands close upon them.
The first of these, coming with the sanction and approval of the General Court, removed from the earlier settled Agawam, or Ipswich, in the spring of ,1 and consisted of twenty-three men, whose names are preserved, with their families and servants; the pastor with his people. A church and a miniature democracy were combined in that little company. Folio wmg Plum Island river or sound till they entered the Quascacun- quen, they landed with their goods, and what live stock they could transport, near where the bridge now crosses the familiar stream called " Parker river.
And resolutely they set to work, imsheltered, till with their own hands they had felled the primeval forest, and reared a temporary refuge from the evening dews and the mid-day sun. This was soon accompHshed, and in the course of the ensuing summer months they were joined by many additional emigrants. Newbury was incorporated, as soon as settled, by the only Act of incorporation which slie ever received, viz.
No less than sixteen vessels had arrived at the colony of " ye Massa- chusetts Bay " within three months of the first movement towards Newbury ; all freighted with liberty loving souls, attracted by the fame of the free homes of Massachusetts, and a large number of these came immediately to Newbury. The territorial limits of the town were among the largest of any in the province ; it contained about thirty thousand acres, of which, perhaps, two thousand were covered with water, including the sea-shore at high water, rivers and ponds.
It measured thirteen miles in length, and six in breadth. At this time, it was the policy of the colonial government to encourage settlements to the eastward, in order to meet the designs of the French, and, if possible, preoccupy all the lands north-east of Salem ; the whole of the territory which King James had granted to the Plymouth Company in , having also been granted by Francis I of France, to De Montes, three years before, in Yet the French had but nonmial possession of any land south of Cape Sable, though their boundary lines extended to the Penob- scot.
And it was probably through this direct influence, that so many of the emi- grants of came to Newbury. Yet, in his desire to " prevent the French Jesuites," Governor Winthrop was not unmindful of the character of the men whom he destined to occupy this part of the province, as a barrier to French aggression.
Colonization L'. I, cliap. The church of Newbury was first gathered under the wide- spread branches of an ancient oak, under whoso shade stood the faithful pastor, who had accompanied some of his Httle flock from England. In the " open ayre," on or near the lower green, was the first sermon preached within the hmits of Newbury.
This order of events would have followed nat- urally enough, without the assistance of any ofiicial interference. The predominatuig motive, in the first settlers, bemg freedom of worship for themselves, many of the larger companies bringing their minister with them, it could scarcely fall out otherwise, but that they would locate with direct reference to the maintenance of their church fellowship ; depending on accessions from their friends, for increase and the growth of political influence.
But this order of settlement was systematically encouraged by the rulers of the province, who granted no lands, nor sanctioned the removal of any number of persons unless they were able and willing to " maintaine ye ministrie among them.
And though a strong rehgious sentiment was the great-motory power which moved forward the tide of emigration in those days, yet it is not to be supposed that these grants in per- petuity of large tracts of land, were without their influence in decid- ing many to leave forever the land of their fathers. Neither should they be charged with selfish or unworthy motives on this account. A family reared in, and having many attachments to an old country, with the physical comforts of a lifetime gathered around them, but without much surplus wealth, would be exercising but ordinary pru- dence, if they secured to their families, in lieu of all this, a gift of wild land, which in course of years would far exceed, in pecmiiary value, what they relinquished, but to attain which, they must encounter the risks and privations of a long sea- voyage, and all the hardships unavoidably connected with the settlement of a new coun- try.
To induce, then, this class of the " godly sort," to emigrate, fifty acres were given to each person who came at his own expense to the colony ; and for every fifty pounds in money wliich he paid into the common stock, he received two hundred acres of land.
Also, if any persons in England sent over, at their own expense, any " sound healthy person," the same proportion of land was awarded to them ; and in this way therp became many owners of real estate in Massachusetts, resident in England.
When the land came to be divided in Newbury, there was great inequaUty in the gi-ants to different persons forming the first parish ; the largest grant being one thousand and eighty acres to jNIr. Rich- ard Dummer ; while others received tracts varying in extent from six hundred and tliirty, which was the next largest, down to the four acres for a house lot and right of pasturage, which was given for the use of the poorest settler ; while the rich not unfrequently added to their estates by purchase.
Thomas Parker,! James Noyes, his nephew. Popkin's Sermon. Scarcely had the town of Newbury assumed shape and order, ere a difference of opinion arose between the pastor and his people, upon some points of church government, which afterwards broke out into open complaint and opposition, cre- ating contentions and dissensions, with brief intervals of truce only, for more than twenty-five yeai-s, involving the parish as well as the church ; injuriously affecting the organization of the military com- pany ; f calling for the interference of the General Court, and attracting the attention, and exciting the interest of all the churches in the province ; giving tone to the entire population for nearly two generations ; nor can its effects be said to have entirely ceased, down to the present time.
We may as well here explain, that the mooted point between pastor and people, was in regard to where lay the governing power of the church. The pastor claimed that it lay in him ; the church, or rather the dissentient party in the church, claimed that it lay in them ; and despite the adjudication of the General Court, whose aid was several times sought — the advice of ecclesiastical councils, and continual endeavors to settle or compromise the difficulties, this desirable object was not attained in the lifetime of the minister.
Death only could heal the divisions which had gi'own and rankled for a quarter of a century. The selectmen had also some duties to perform which their modem successors would hardly dare assume. By an order of the General Court, they were authorized to examine children, or apprentices, and if they found them ignorant, to admonish their parents or masters, and if no improvement was made, they might, with the consent of two magistrates, or the next County Court, place them in the hands of those who would instruct them better.
Two years after their settlement, the inhabitants of Xewbury were called upon to furnish their quota of men to join the forces being raised against the Pequods, spelled Pecoits in the early records. Though the Indians in the immediate vicinity of Newbury, were exceedingly reduced in numbers and spiiit, before the planting of the first settlement on Parker river, yet our ancestors were by no means exempt from all anxiety on their accoimt. In regard to education, Newbury, though not at first maintaining a parish schoolmaster, was better supphed in this respect than many of the new settlements, both Mr.
Parker and Mr. Noyes acting in this capacity ; and ere long the annual election of a schoolmaster, with suitable appropriation for his support, became a regular and promi- nent item in the business meetings of the town.
A portion of the " lands in common," was appropriated for his use ; and from the first records, we find constant and particular provision made for the "Latin Scholars. The county records, contaming the valuation and settlement of es- tates, with minute enumerations of items of personal property, bring this fact very clearly out. Many of the clergy had good, even valuable libraries, but the " planters," as the yeomanry were then designated, seem to have been contented with a very limited assortment.
See vols. The cost of books -while they had to be imported from Europe, must for many years have precluded the people from indulging extensively in this luxury ; which indeed could not be expected to enter largely into their expenditures, while so many articles of prime necessity to security of life and bodily comfort, were still wanting.
Up to , Newbury contained no visible means of correcting offenders against the law. In this year, Mr. Edward Rawson was appointed to "judge small causes in Newbury:" this mcluded all matters of less value than forty sliillings. But the General Court, it appears, was not satisfied to trust to this, and to Newbury was given a limited time to provide a pair of stocks, in default of Avhich, to be fined five pounds.
They were also fined six shillings eight pence, and " enjoined to repair their defects " [in the roads] before September. The popu- lation of Newbury was now tending to the "water-side," — that portion of the town now included in Newburyport. Until , the people had been almost exclusively engaged in husbandry ; the most of their property consisting of land, cattle, goats and sheep. Almost every family had a flock of goats ; and from the quantity of land laid out as "ox-commons," "sheep-walks," and pasturage for all the cominon kinds of live stock which required grass, their number must have been very great.
Several Enghsh merchants came to Newbury, whom we find after- wards engaged by the water-side, laying the foundation of that extensive shipping interest, which subsequently placed Newburyport among the principal importing towns of New England. Fishing in the Merrimac was now a regular business, notwithstanding the "sandy island which lyetli at the mouth. The mode of wearing the hair, as it would seem a matter which involved no question of morahty, or good policy, but one which might safely be left to the taste or judgment of the indi- vidual, was then made matter of serious import, both by the civil rulers, and the still more potent condenmation of the clergy.
John ElHot, the " apostle to the Indians," also declared that the wearing of long hair was " an ofience to godly Christians," and that all who followed the custom " walked ofiensively. The origin of this prejudice of the Puritans against long hair, may be traced to the contest 'between the CavaHers and Roimdheads ; though they professed to found their opposition to it on the word of revelation, yet it is plain, that when the wearing of short hair by men became, as it did in England, in the time of Charles the First, and the Protectorate, the symbol of a.
But not only was the mode of dressing the hair subjected to the ordeal of judicial and ecclesiastical remonstrance, but the cost and fashion of apparel fell also under the keen and searching eyes of our worthy elders and magistrates of the olden 'time. Records, vol. This is the worst feature in these sumpt- uary laws, and the least in accordance with republican feeling, as it tended powerfully to keep up and create castes, which, odious any- where, is more particularly injurious in small communities, where, of all the members personally known to each other, some were selected out, by judicial discrimination, for the reception of privileges ; as, for instance, where the Court expressed " its utter detestation that men of mean callings and condition should take upon them the garb of gentlemen," or that women of the same rank should wear silk or tifiany hoods, which, though allowable in persons of gTeat estate, they "judge intolerable in persons of such hke condition.
But one Joseph Swett's wife was fined ten shilhngs for the same ofience. Then, too, a continual surveillance was kept up.
The money has not yet come! But of all the arrangements for maintaining a rigid surveillance over the habits of the people, perhaps none was so eflfectual, and certainly none would be considered more offensive and oppressive in these days, than the appointment of " tithingmen," a species of guardianship to which our ancestors long submitted without mur- muring ; not, we believe, because insensible to the value of personal liberty, but regarding it as necessary to the general well-being of the State, the due preservation of morals, and the prevention of heresies and religious eccentricities, tiuctured, perhaps, with the feeling that the supervisory power thus submitted to, was attainable by themselves, and that those who one year admonished or rebuked them, miarht the next be under the yoke of their rule.
The "tithingmen'' were persons apporuted by the selectmen to have a general inspection and oversight over a limited number of families, usually ten. This estimation is probably not far from correct, as we find, by a list of the persons who took the oath of allegiance, being all males over sixteen years of age, that there were two hundred and thirty-six thus enrolled in the town of Newbury in The duties of titlungmen were gradually contracted to narrow er and narrower limits, until their only duty was to keep order among the boys.
Essex County contamed " Salem, Lynn, Enon, now Wenham, Ipswich, Rowly, Newberri, Gloucester, and Cochiawick " now Andover ; and about this time the inhabitants of Newbury had become so scattered that a new division of land was made three or four miles north of the old meeting house, which was called the " laying out of the new town," the southern boundary of which was Parker street, in Newbury. Coffin says, " the exact limits of the new town cannot noAV be ascer- tained ; but it extended farther north and south than Newburyport now  does.
This " new town" we may consider as the date of Newburyport, as a separate interest from Newbury, though the formal separation did not take place till one hundred and twenty years afterwards.
But from this time we find the two sections arrayed in opposition to each other, mainly because their interests being different, were not so recognized, but the first parish long attempted to exercise a con- trol over those who had removed from the original precincts, though quite inadequate to furnish them with the benefits which such supremacy implied.
The first serious trouble arose about the meet- ing-house ; some were for having the old one removed to a position which would better accommodate those who had located farther north and west, while others desired to build a new house, and maintain their own minister at their own charge. The " new town" after a little while prevailed, and a new house was built.
We find in reality, that no practice was more systematically resisted by those in authority, than any depart- ure from the established mode of worship, nor any umovation more promptly punished, than that of unlicensed preaching. These same Quakers were af- terwards arrested and hung in Boston.
But though oui' ancestors had many of the prejudices of the age, they had, too, its virtues. Regarding a religious education as the proper foundation " whereon the grace of God might be grafted, to his glory," the inhabitants of Newbury were ever ready, to assist in contributions to Harvard College, and in the maintenance of other institutions of learning, as they multiphed in the country.
The first graduate of Harvard was a native of Newbury, Benjamin Woodb ridge. But an independent trader had been before him ; one Watts had built a cellar in the vicinity, some years before, and he may possibly have been one of those " Scot- tish or Irish gentlemen" to whom the General Court, seventeen years before, gave liberty to " set down anywhere upon Merrimack," or he may have been one of the assigns of John Winthrop, Jr.
At any rate, " Watts his seUar " was referred to as a well-known site. His occupation was probably fishing or trading for fish, which Avas stored in the aforesaid " sel- lar ; " and which he had occupied long before there was any consid- erable tendency of the population to the water-side. Very little of this Avas paid for in money, but dried and pickled fish, timber, and beef, were exchanged for these imports.
This change in the nature of trade, and the larger vessels and cargoes which might be expected to seek a market here, probably suggested to Captain White, who must have experienced the difficulty of landing goods on the Merrimac, the increasing necessity of a wharf. It was built at the foot of Fish street now State in 1G5G. At this time there was no tavern in Newbury, but the town being liable to a fine for not sustaining one, an " ordinary" was soon after opened to the traveller, at the head of Marlborough street.
While the town was increasing in population and wealth, and new avenues of trade were being opened, the inhabitants of the " old town" Avere mainly absorbed in ecclesiastical troubles, arising from the difference before referred to between the people and their min- ister. In the dissatisfaction of the people Avas expressed by a reduction of their pastor's salary ; but this was again increased the succeeding year, and no subsequent attempt Avas ever made to bring liim to terms by cutting off his supplies ; the opposing party con tenting themselves thereafter with petitioning the General Court, seeking the aid of ecclesiastical councils, and also, on some occasions, exercising the equivocal right of admonishing, and finally, by vote, suspending him from the exercise of his clerical prerogatives.
The history of the " troubles at ye church in Neuber- ri," is standing evidence how the best of men maybe misled into acts of tyranny, as well as unjustifiable usurpation, all the while conscientiously beheving that they are only contending for the truth, for the truth's sake. The children usually sat on long benches " adown the ile," and tithingmen were employed to preserve order among the boys, and see that they gave " due attention," to the long, two- hour sermons. The architecture must in the first instance have been decidedly primitive, as it was made one of the duties of the individual who had the care of the meeting-house, not only " to have the floor swept, and the day after to Avinge down the seats," but in case any of the panes of glass became loosened, to nail them in again.
The minister's salary was usually paid in produce. The export of pickled sturgeon had become in a regular and profitable branch of trade in Newbury ; some was transported overland to Boston, and some found its way out of the country by the small vessels engaged also in fishing on the Merrimac.
Popkin, f Coffin. The alarm excited throughout New England by the breaking out of King Philip's war, exceeded that produced by any preceding combination of the Indian tribes. An army of a thousand men was at once placed under the command of Governor Winslow, and requisitions were made on all parts of the country, for men to with- stand this formidable alhance.
With inconsiderable exceptions. New England had been dehvered from the terror of the hatchet and the tomahawk, since the suppression of the Pequods. But this new and powerful combination awoke not only the fears, but roused into activity all the energies of rulers and people, and put them on devising means of defence. This part of the country was consid- ered peculiarly exposed ; and the most prompt and energetic meas- ures were proposed by the General Court for its protection. Many of the towns had petitioned for aid, and in consequence of their representations, it was seriously proposed to build a wall, eight feet high, to extend the whole distance from the Charles river to Concord river, for the protection of Essex and Middlesex counties ; that thus the people might be securely " environed from the rage and fury of the enemy.
From August 5th, , to January 2d, , sixty-seven men from Newbury were drawn for the war, with forty-six horses and forty days' provisions, — a large proportion for the number and means of the town. The place Avhere this famous battle was fought, was an elevated piece of ground, of three or four acres, on which was placed the fort ; the level land below being a hideous swamp some seven miles from Narragansett.
Five hundred wigwams were destroyed with the fort, which was finally reduced by setting it on fire. Scarcely had the excitement consequent upon the war with Philip, been brought to a close by the death of that chieftain and the captiu'e of Annawon, than the town of Newbury was all astir with a new trouble.
An enemy not less fatal, and more insidious, had entered unperceived, — being in his nature invisible, — and whUe the General Court sought to build up walls of stone to keep out the wild men of the forest, and our good forefathers depended on their strong arms and trusty muskets to defend their homes and little ones from danger, the unsuspected foe had entered, and fairly made a lodgment in the town. Perhaps it was from being so far from the " meeting-house," that Satan ventured to make his first demonstrations palpable.
The reverend pastor who had led the Httle church of Newbury from England, after a series of tribulations which would have exhausted the faith and patience of ordinary mor- tals, had gone to his rest, and no longer Avatched with jealous care over the scattered members of his earthly flock.
James Noyes, had long been extin- guished ; while the colleague of the " antient divine" had not yet attained to an oj;der of sanctity comparable to his predecessors. What an opportunity, then, during this spiritual breach in the primi- tive pastorate, for the exercise of Satan's favorite devices!
The first official information that we find relating to this first and only case of legally recognized Avitchcraft, in what is now Newbury- port, is a complamt entered against one Caleb Powell, " for suspicion of working with ye devil, to ye molesting of William Morse and his family. But in his zeal for his friends, he well nigh found his ottii neck in the nooje. The testimony against Powell is about as clear as much of that presented in the succeeding " witch cases " that subsequently disfigured the early records of Massachusetts.
But the chief witnesses were William Morse and his wife. They testified, " that one Thurs- day night, being in bed, they heard a great noise upon the roof, with sticks and stones, as if thrown against the house with great violence ; but on getting up they found nobody, but on lying down again, the same noises were repeated.
An order of the General Court, passed in May, 1C48, will show whose lead the Massa- chusetts colonists followed in this matter. It is as follows : " The Court desire the course to be taken here which hath been taken in England, for discovery of witches, by watching them a certain time. It is ordered that the best and surest way may forthwith be put in practice, to begin this night if it may be, being the 18th of the 3d month. The number of missiles that descended in this unseemly manner was unaccountable.
Next, an andiron danced up and down, and finally into a pot over the fire, and then the pot danced on to the table, voluntarily turning over, and spilling the contents ; then a tub turned over ; and anon, a tub of bread followed suit, came down from a shelf and turned a somerset. Goody Morse trying to make her bed, " the clothes did fly off many times, of themselves," — at the same time a chest opened and shut of its own accord, and the doors flew together.
But not only while these afl[licted ones were engaged in secular affairs, did the evil spirits assault them ; William Morse says, " I eing at prayer, my head being covered with a cloth, a chair did often times bow to me, and then strike me on the side," and his wife coming out of another room, a wedge of iron Avas thrown at her, " and a stone which hurt her much," and a shoe came down the chimney and struck him a l low on the head.
But with the return of the boj returned the trouble. Some friends being in the house, " the earth in the chimney corner moved, and scattered on them," and " somewhat hit WilHam Morse a great blow, but it was so swift that they could not tell what it was. Richardson testified that " a board flew against his chair, and he heard a noise in another room, which he supposed in all reason to be diabolical!
The old man undertaking to write down these mar- vellous things, before he could dry the writing, a hat was drawn against the paper, but holding it fast, which showed some courage under the circumstances, but part of it was blotted. This writing was intended to be preserved, and the good people bethought them to lay it in the Bible over night, lest it should be spirited away, and indeed for one night it remained unmolested, but the next it disap- peared from between the sacred leaves, and was afterwards found in a box.
William Morse adds, apparently with the greatest sin- cerity, " do what I could, I could hardly keep my paper while writing this relation, and this morning I was forced to forbear, so many things constantly thrown at me. Mary Tucke;-, in her evidence, affirmed " that Caleb Powell said that he, ' coming to William Morse's house, and the old man being at prayer, he thought not fit to go in, but looking in at the window he broke the enchantment, for he saw the boy play tricks, and among the rest, fling the shoe at the old man's head.
But the troubles in the Morse house waxed worse and worse, and the people began to cast about to find who else might be the guilty one. It seems never to have entered the minds of the suffer- ers, to investigate calmly and systematically the cause of these unwonted disturbances, but they placed them at once, and without hesi- tation, to the credit of supernatural, or rather diabolical workings ; and having failed to make a victim of Caleb Powell, another must be found — and who so likely as Goody Morse?
The news had already reached Boston, that the invisible powers of darkness were displaying their impish dealings in Newbury. A general behef in the existence of such a crime as witchcraft prevailed, not only among the poor and ignorant, but the learned and the educated, while grave doctors of divinity sanctioned the belief, not only tacitly by withholding all rebuke, but actively by their pens, thch- preach- ing, and their presence at the trial of the unfortunate creatures charged with this impossible crime.
Is it strange, then, that the unlearned and ignorant should zealously join in the hue and cry which the clergy had sanctioned against " witches? In May of tlie same year in whichi Caleb Powell was acquitted, Elizabeth Morse was presented by the Grand Jury of Boston, " for that she, not having the fear of God before her eyes, being.
Of this class of evidence, was the testimony of James Brown, who asserted " that sixteen years before, one George Wheeler going out [to sea,] Elizabeth Morse said, ' she knew he would not come in again. Another, John MighiU, who twelve years before had promised to do some work for the Morses, and not doing it at the appointed time, "judged Goody Morse to be angry," and losing some cattle soon after, thought she had bewitched them. Zachariah Davis, living at Salisbury, had promised to bring Elizabeth some " winges " when he came in town, and forgetting to do so several times in succession, the said Elizabeth told him, " she wondered his memory should be so bad," and then on going home, and into the barn where there were three calves, " one of them fell a dancing and roaring, and was in such a condition as was never calf before.
On other occasions it appears the unfortunate woman had visited some sick neighbors, and having expressed a fear that a child then very ill, would die, and its dying, they conceited she had brought about its death.
Book lettered " Witchcraft, " pp. Much more testimony, quite as conclusive, was introduced, and Goody Morse was remanded to prison to await the day of execution. But she had one friend left ; her hiisband did not desert her, nor did he believe her guilty of the crime charged upon her. He prepared a petition to the General Court, stowing the incon- clusive nature of the testimony adduced, and affirming that for himself and wife, " their consciences were clear of the knowledge of any wickedness committed by them, which should cause the devil so to trouble them beyond the common frailties which afflict human nature," and humbly acknowledging the sovereignty of God, who had laid such afflictions on them.
After repeated petitions, the Court granted another hearing of the case, and in the end Ehzabeth Morse was reprieved and finally allowed to return home, where after some years she died quietly in her bed, leaving the impression upon those best able, from frequent intercourse with her, to judge, that " her discourse was very Christian," and " resting upon God in Christ for salvation. There are, however, people in Newburyport to-day, who remem- ber when a certain Madam Hooper was commonly called and treated as a witch.
She possessed an immense wardrobe when she first came to the town, so that her garments lasted her to the end of a long life, and she never changed the fashion of them ; so that with dresses, after an antique model, and a deep cape bonnet pecuUar to herself, her form was recognized at a distance, and as generally avoided.
The children learned to dread her ; especially as many of them saw their parents inclined to propitiate her, for fear of her evil influence. From the knowledge she acquired con- cerning the neighborhood while she taught school, she was enabled to make many shrewd guesses as to the authors of mischief, and on other subjects, which sometimes startled her auditors by their truth ; and from her skill in physiognomy, she was enabled to guess at more ; and thus first inspired the suspicion, and afterwards the con- viction, that she was a witch.
Profiting by this superstition, which her natural sagacity early led her to discover, she learned to throw her remarks into short sibyEic sentences, which aided to keep up the delusion.
She visited where she pleased, none being willing to ofiend her ; being often applied to for information, she scarcely ever granted an answer but what was verified in the result, but on many occasions she observed an impenetrable silence, probably when she had no means of guessiag, and did not chose to risk her reputation, for which she obtained an equal degree of credit among her dupes. Essex ss. The juries for our Sovereign Lord the King present that -, in the town of , in the county of , in the town aforesaid, wickedly, maliciously and feloniously, on [date given,] a covenant with the Devil did make, and signed the Devil's Book, and took the Devil to be her God, and consented to serve and worship him, and was Baptised by the Devil, and renounced her former Christian Baptism, and promised to be the Devil's both body and soul forever, and to serve him : by which diabolical covenant by her made with the Devil she, the said , is become a most detestable witch, against the peace of our Sovereign Lord the King, his crown and dignity, and the laws in that case made and provided.
Bnia vera. Ponit se. Xon Cul. Another petition, from one portion of the inhabitants of Newbury to the other and major part, met with no more satisfactory fate. This was a petition from the people of the west end of the town, that they might be permitted to " estabUsh the minis trie" among themselves, build a new meeting-house, and of course cease to pay the tax for the support of public worship, to the first parish.
Up to this time matters had gone on pretty smoothly, between the town of Newbury and the general government of the colony ; but with the advent of Sir Edmund Andros, a new danger threatened — no less a matter than the appearance of a claimant to the whole of the land lying between Salem river and the Merrimac, of course including the whole of Newburyport.
This royal propri- etary was Mr. Some attempt was made towards a new partition of the lands, but as the people were not formally ejected, the old landmarks were not lost, and the downfall of Andros, in , restored to the original proprietors security for their endangered rights.
To give this body greater influence, he authorized their clergy to perform the ceremony of marriage. Previous to his arrival, this power had resided in the civil magistrates, the General Court sometimes appointing a particular person to perform the ceremony, for parties designated by name. Edward Rawson, Commissioner for Newbury, was the first person authorized to "join persons in marriage" in that town, in virtue of his office. In , Mr. It was he who first granted to John March the right to estabUsh a ferry to Salisbury, within the present hmits of Xewbury- port; and which is still maintained, in nearly the same place, with a similar kind of conveyance.
His government of the province was, however, the most arbitrary of any recorded in this part of the country. Several persons in Newbury were fined and imprisoned, for having uttered treasonable words agamst the Gov- ernor and Council ; and so exasperated were the people against him, that on the first rumor of the abdication of King James, whose tool he was, they seized upon his person and those of his principal advi- sers, placed them under guard, and restored the old oflBcers of their own choice, who had been thrust out to make room for his favorites, on his first arrival.
On hearing of the outbreak in Boston, many- went from Newbury, to participate in the general joy at the resto- ration of the old order of things, while but one of them reached the metropolis in time to aid in the disposition and seizure of An- dros.
This was Samuel Bartlett, who, it is said, " rode with such haste, his sword trailing on the ground, that striking the stones as he rode. Tie left a stream of fire behind Mm the tvhole way.
The same year which witnessed the downfall of Andros, followed as it speedily was by the proclamation of William and Mary, wit- nessed too the end of that contention between the old-town and west-end people of Newbury, which resulted in the building of a new meeting-house by the latter, on that part of the plains which is now occupied by the Bellville cemetery.
It may seem somewhat puerile to the reader of general history, to here find the affairs of meeting-houses and such local items, mixed up with the graver affairs of war and peace, of reigns and dynasties. But the history of New England is unique, and that of her towns cannot be truly given, if ecclesiastical matters are left out. But the people were not permitted to be wholly absorbed in local affairs. Andros had left upon their hands another Indian war, commonly called the French and Indian war.
Commenciug to the eastward, the danger soon extended below the Merrimac ; agaiu public orders were issued in Newbury, for every man to carry his arm5 with him to the "' meetiug-house," to the fields, and wherever he might be exposed, in going to and from his own house. It was during this war that the Indians attacked the house of Mr. John Brown, at Turkey Hill, the only instance on record of a fatal incursion of the enemy into Newbury.
It was in the eighth year of the war The attack was made m the middle of the afternoon, on the Tth of October ; the Indians having waited imtil all the adult male persons in the family had left the house, when they commenced their cowardly assault by tomahawking a young girl who stood.
Then, entering the house, they seized and bound all the remaining persons, save one girl, who managed to secrete herself. After plundering the house of every- thing" valuable that they could carry away, they departed with their captives, nine in number, aU women and children. The girl who had so successfully concealed herself, immediately made her way throuErh the dense brushwood that then encumbered much of the ground, ceasing not her flight tiU she reached Newburyport, givmg the alarm to all she met.
Infonnatioii was immediately sent by a svrifi messenger to Ips-wich, to invoke the assistance of persons there, to aid in intercepting and recapturing the enemv. Captain Stephen Greenleaf, with a party of men, followed up the Merrimac, to prevent their escaping over the river, which it was thought they might attempt to do.
He was not mistaken. After dark in the evening, a shot firom the Indians, who had concealed themselves in a guUy, penetrated Captain Greenleaf s wrist, by which wound he subsequently lost the use of his left hand. After a brief rencounter, the Indians fled. Three escaped by taking to a canoe, and two by the woods. The captives were aU recovered and brought back but one, an infant, which the Indians had killed, probably to prevent its cries leading to the detection of their hiding place.
Some of the others had been severely wounded, so that they subsequently died from the effects of the injuries received. As the French had been the principal instigators of the war, the Provincial Government determined to attack them in their own possessions; and an expedition was accordingly planned against Canada, the general command of which devolved upon Sir William Phipps. There were at this time but three regiments in Essex County ; but one of these joined the expedition, which resulted in the capture of Port Royal, but failed to reduce Quebec.
Notwithstanding the extraneous demands upon the revenue and men of Xewbury for the public service, the town was steadily progressing in wealth, population, and enterprise. The whole of the land had been divided up to Artichoke river. It was estimated that there were over five thousand sheep owned in Xewbury. The manufacture of boards, shingles, and building materials was carried on ; grain and saw mills multipHed.
The land on the water side was laid out, and ship-btdlding commenced at the foot of Chandlers lane, afterwards King, now Federal street. The di? Two religions f. The different castes of society were still strictly maintained. But eight or ten persons were distinguished by the tide of JZr.. There were niaeteen men bearing the several tides of Captaia.
Lieutenant Httsign. Deacons of course there were, and their tides were never omitted. But -wiile peace thus blessed the labors of the land, the mariner was exposed to peculiar and rrightfal dangers. Navigation was exceedingly insecure. That usual insignia of civiliadon, a jail, was one of the latest public edifices erected in Xewbury. In the first quarter of this century, was the first attempt made to introduce any variety of tunes in sacred music.
Throughout all New England, five tunes had served the whole religious community; these were York, Hackney, St. Mary's, Windsor, and Martyr's, but in the Rev. John Tufts, of Newbury, ventured on the hazardous experiment of publisliing a book of psalm tunes, twenty- eight in number.
This innovation was stoutly resisted by many at the time, who believed that singing by the inspiration of grace was infinitely better than by written notes. Indeed, so suspicious were many of everything which they did not fully understand, that it was unhesitatingly afiirmed, " that fa sol la was but popery in dis- guise. However, reason after a while prevailed, and the twenty- eight tunes were very generally adopted. But perhaps the most influential domestic changes introduced, were those connected with diet.
Up to this time, two articles now deemed necessaries of life, were almost unknown in Newbury ; neither potatoes nor tea formed part of the ordinary diet of the people. Turnips had supplied the place of the former, and thin gruel, cider, or water, that of the latter. Though not in common use, potatoes were known to the first settlers of this colony, for we find in a list of articles to be shipped for the use of the " Company of the Massachusetts Bay," among other plants, " seed-potatoes " were enumerated.
But they were long in finding favor with the people ; they were at first planted cautiously, and in small quantities, but finally almost superseded the use of turnips, except that the latter were grown as fodder for cattle. By an item in an account book of Col. Moses Titcomb, we find that in , or about twenty-five years after their general introduction here, they were worth as much per bushel as corn.
In was built the first meeting-house in what is now the business centre of Newburyport. This was the Rev. In this building was struck by lightning, and Benjamin Franklin, who was on a journey to the east at the time, was in the town, and minutely examined the building after the accident, as we learn from a letter of his, dated March, , in which he repUes to a person who had inquired of him, " what thickness of wire was necessary to conduct a large quantity of lightning.
It was at Newbury, in New England, where the spire of the church steeple, being 70 feet in height above the belfry, was split all to pieces, and thrown about the street in fragments. From the bell down to the clock, placed in the steeple, 20 feet below the bell, there was the small wire above mentioned, which communi- cated the motion of the clock to the hammer striking the hour on the bell.
First Church, and Biographical Notice. The town-house was finally located on High, at the head of Marlborough street; it was completed in , and was occupied for various purposes some forty-five years, when it was sold by the town and passed into private hands. They cleared off every green thing, so that the trees were as naked as in the depths of winter.
They were larger than the common caterpillar. No river or pond could stop them. They would swim like dogs, and travelled in unaccountable armies. Cart and carriage wheels would be dyed green from the numbers they crushed in their progress. The disease was a virulent throat distemper. Every year was now adding to the importance of that section of the town emphatically called the " water-side.
As usual, the " meeting-house " was the first and most important difficulty. Joseph Atkins, Esq. Matthias Plant, each agreed to give fifty pounds towards building the new church, — St. On the opening of the church, an invitation was extended to Mr. Plant to preach on alternate Sabbaths at St. Paul's ; but still wishing to maintain the control of affairs, and retain the power in their own hands, they became involved in contentions Avith their minister, and finally demanded of him to deliver up the written invitation to preach to them.
Plant felt that he had a claim upon them, and constantly demanded an induc- tion into St. Paul's, Avhich was long denied ; but the people finally gave way, and he was legally inducted as their minister, and thus continued till his death ; having in chosen Mr. Edward Bass his assistant. Queen Ann's Chapel was deserted, went to decay, and at last fell to the groimd through sheer weakness. In , a new meeting-house was built on High street, just below Federal, by persons who afterwards formed the first Presby- terian society in Newburyport ; and in the Quakers built a meeting-house on High street Bellville, but afterwards removed their place of meeting to the neighborhood of Turkey Hill.
Some of their number were buried in a lot of land in the rear of the westerly side of Washington street, between the railroad crossing andBoardman street ; this locality, with the immediate vicinage, was formerly called " Quaker field," and in , before Washington street was laid out, Mr. John Tracy manufactured cordage in a rope walk running from the little graveyard towards the river. The principal subjects which occupied the attention of the people, were war and rehgion. Moses Titcomb. French ; and the winter foUowing was one of unparalleled military enthusiasm, excited bj the expedition to Louisburg ; and rehgious devotion inspired by the preaching of Whitfield.
The war against the French was not only regarded as the opportunity of renewedly proving the old British prowess over their ancient enemies, but was considered as a crusade against the papists ; and a victory over the French, was a triumph of " the truth" over the " man of sin. Among those who most signalized themselves, belonging to Newbury, was the Rev.
The last battery erected at the siege of Louisburg, was called " Titcomb's battery," of which he had the charge ; it had five forty-two pounders, and " did as great execution as any. As an evidence of the suspicion with which every thing having any similarity to popery was regarded, is the fact, that it was not until the middle of this century, that the Scriptures were commonly read in the Congregational churches on the Sabbath ; as this whole- some practice appeared to our wary ancestors, a dangerous imitation of the Romish practice.
The first society in Newburyport led the way in introducing the practice in this vicinity. In peace was restored between England and France, which allayed, without satisfying the mihtary spirit of the times, for Louisburg, the scene of so much persevering labor, the trophy so hardly won, was restored to the French.
The work of the temporal warriors was in part undone ; the great spiritual combatant of the same period, Whitfield, had left an enduring monument in Newbury. Jonathan Parsons to be their minister. The spirit of progress which had shown itself among the water- side people, not only in matters of trade, commerce and secular interests generally, but also in the formation of religious societies, varying from the ancient models, had not invaded the more secluded precincts of the second parish, now in West Newbury, for we find them disciplining a brother in the church, for the following curious reason : " that from time to time, he asserts with the greatest assurance, that ' all who weare wiggs,' unless they repent of that particular sin before they die, will be damned.
The Rev. Lowell preached a stirring sermon on the subject, in which he expressed his full approval of the war.
In , by order of Brigadier General Waldo, he was appointed to the command of the troops stationed at Falmouth, now Portland, where he remained, with the exception of a few days' absence, from May till October of that year. L'mbaugh of Starke was a Wednesday caller A number of young folks from Blitchton, Standard and Romeo enjoy enjoyed ed enjoyed a chicken pillau Friday night at the home of Mr.
McKenzle at Standard. Hammons spent Sunday at Berlin. Douglass of York passed thru Blitchton Sunday. Blitch has an attack of fever. McMillan of Morriston passed en route to Ocala Friday. On the first signs of indiges indigestion. King's New Life Pills should be taken to tone the stomach and reg regulate ulate regulate liver, kidneys and bowels. It is true the severe applicati n of martial law prevents the public expression of any criticism or demonstrations of re resentment.
The great mass of Moslems are inclined to bow to the inevitable, however, and to accept without violent opposition what they regard as the dictates of fate. The cholera epidemic among the Turkish troops holding the line of for for-tifictaions tifictaions for-tifictaions at Tchatalja is rapidly be becoming coming becoming worse.
Over cases are re reported ported reported daily and the total number al already ready already exceeds 6. Depending n the Enemy for Water The Rulgarian army has occupied the town of Derkos at the Black sea end of the Tohatalja lines and thus controls the water supply of Constan Constantinople.
This, however, lias not yet ben interfered with. Only Few Jllle Away Bulgarian troops have reached the vicinity of Kilios, on the Black sea coast at the entrance of the Bosphorus and within a few miles of the capital.
The men belonging to the Turkish life lifeboat boat lifeboat station have left. Hendricks Rowell and family returned from Tampa Monday night. IxA'eigne and three child children ren children left for Tampa Saturday to make it their future home. McCormick and two children left for Tampa Saturday to visit with Mr.
McCormick a few days, as he is engaged in business in that city. Nichols in his auto. Mandy Perry has been quite sick at the home of her sister, Mrs. Jeffcoat, but is Improving slowly. Parham and fam family. Righam and children of Cole Coleman man Coleman came up to visit with her mother, Mrs. Preston Caruthers, for a while. Righam had the misfortune to lose her youngest child last week with membrane croup, and the doc doctors tors doctors thought it would be well for her to make a change.
We trust she will Improve and soon gain her strength back after such a great sorrow. Warnock is erecting a new cottage south of town and pro progressing gressing progressing nicely with same.
Collier motored up to Ocala Saturday and carried with him Mr. Ossle Hooks, W. The latter two were called to Ocala to be with their sister, Mrs. Leon Griggs, who is under treatment at the : DR. Ocala hospital, and has been danger dangerously ously dangerously ill. We are glad to know she is improving at this writing. Oscar Owens of Coleman was up shaking hands with old friends last Friday. The young folks all got together and had an old time chicken pillau at the home of Miss Ethel Reece Satur Saturday day Saturday night.
Leon Griggp returned from Ocala Monday. He left his wife doing nicely at the hospital. He has the sympathy of his many friends here In his great trouble and all truly hope his wife will improve rapidly and soon be quite well and able to return home, where her pleasant smile for all her friends is greatly missed.
David Caruthers of Clearwater, is spending a while with his parents. Maddox have taken charge of the Oxford House and are moving their household goods over from Conant this week. Wood made a professional trip to Coleman Sunday night. Grant and Geora:e LaVeigne took him down in their 'auto. All returned Monday morning.
John I'emberton motored up to Ocala Monday. Clara Nichols went up with hiui to do some shop shopping. Wood has his office and rooms at the Oxford House now since Mr. Tom I. Fred de Mannerfelt of the Royal Life Hussars of Sweden this morning committed suicide in the Hlllsboro hotel by shoot shooting ing shooting himself through the heart. With the letter to Manager Talle Tallevast vast Tallevast on the dresser were three others, with the request that they pe mailed, one to Hon.
Mayor F. Roca Grande, Fla. Every circumstance connected with the suicide, and all of the articles found in the suit case of the dead man, point indisputably to the fact that he was Lieut. In the pocket of the dead man was found a personal card bearing his name, and his clothing was marked with the same name, as were letters in his pockets. Mannerfelt was about medium height, weighing probably pounds.
His features were regular and with even, well kept teeth, and abundant dark hair, rendered his appearance rather prepossessing. That the family of the suicide was one of the most prominent i l Sweden was indicated by the jewelry which Mannerfelt wore.
He carried a cheap Ingersol watch, attached to a heavy gold chain, indicating that the original watch must have been pawned or sold. The watch chain carried a heavy gold locket, bearing the initials of the owner on both sides.
Within this lock locket et locket were two pictures, one of a hand handsome some handsome man. The dead man wore a heavy gold signet ring, bearing a coat of arms, presumably that of the house of de Mannerfelt in Sweden. Guth Guth-ery ery Guth-ery left Saturday afternoon for St. Petersburg, where she will visit rela relatives tives relatives and friends. Little Georgia Ada Carter, the charming little baby of Mr. Carter, accom accompanied panied accompanied her home.
Nix of Williston was in the village Monday. Nix will arrive from Wllliston today to visit Mrs. Ray for a few days. Louis Caldwell of Candler visit visited ed visited friends in Kendrick Sunday.
Relle McLeod returned to Ocala Wednesday, where she will have some dental work done. Friends of Mrs. Whitehead and Miss Sallie will be glad to know that they are up from their recent illness. We are enjoy enjoying ing enjoying the cool breezes that precede Jack frost's coming1. Anderson made a business trip to Jacksonville last Wednesday.
He says the strike was raging there and business was dull. Anderson and two daughters. Misses Ruby and Sallie, were callers to Williston Wednesday morning.
The death of J. Bronson was a sudden one. He leaves a wife and eleven children to mourn his loss. The remains were laid to rest in the fam family ily family cemetery. Lawton Priest and daughters. Priest back home. She has been spending the past two weeks with her mother.
President Presidentelect elect Presidentelect Woodrow Wilson packed his trunk and suitcases yesterday prepa preparatory ratory preparatory to starting on his vacation. He planned to leave during the afternoon for New York to attend a dinner given In his honor by the class of of Princeton University, of which he is a member. Today the governor will do a little shopping and sail. No applications are booked on the same vessel, so far as is known, and in the retreat to which the president-elect Is going no one Is expected to call and no one has been invited.
The governor expects to spend the vacation apart from politics unless there are developments requir requiring ing requiring comment from him. Miss Margaret Wil Wilson son Wilson did not wish to Interrupt her mu musical sical musical studies to go along, as the trip will continue a month. A single sten stenographer ographer stenographer and ten newspaper corre correspondents spondents correspondents will compose the remainder of the party. Waldron will sell a car carload load carload of high class Kentucky horses in Ocala, coming d'rect from the breeding farms.
They are all thor thoroughly oughly thoroughly broken and ready for immedi immediate ate immediate use, among which can be found a number of good farm teams, farm mares and general purpose horses, as well as some good and useful livery, saddle and road horses.
In fact, there will be some of all sizes to select from. They can be seen and driven by all intending buyers. Exchanges or private sales can be arranged any time before the auction sale opens. Every horse must and shall be sold without reserve to the highest bid bidder. Tuesday, November 19th, at J. McDuffy's stables, Ocala. The auction sale starts promptly at 1 p. Jack Johnson, the negro pugilist, accused of violation of Send us your name and address in exchange for a valuable and Complete Catalog illustrating hundreds of things yon need and want.
You can add the names of friends if yon please. Mclver C. Lands sur surveyed veyed surveyed and platted. Close estimates made on erection of buildings of any character by contract or on a com commission mission commission basis. The sureties accepted were the pugilist's mother, T'ny Johnson, that they may pass' Palm Beach and dealer.
Johnson was taken to the county Jail last Friday and since then, had made many efforts to regain his. Notify Secretary mt Doard mt Trade For the benefit of the visitors to the Marlon County Fair, the secretary of the Ocala Board of Trade will be pleas pleased ed pleased to have any parties who havs rooms for rent to list them with him and also state the rate to be charged.
Our hotel accommodations are not suffi sufficient cient sufficient for the visitors and this action Is taken by the Board of Trade so that all visitors to our fair may have the proper accommodations while they are In our city. Judge Terkins of the seventh circuit handed down a de decision cision decision yesterday in the Orange county prosecution against S. Sligh for shipping Immature citrus fruits, in which he upholds the constitutionality of the law.
Pretty red cross nurses will be stationed at prominent places through throughout out throughout the business section of the city, as well as at the fair grounds, to re receive ceive receive donations for the handsome new Marlon County Hospital, which Is now in the 'course of construction.
This work Is under the auspices of the auxiliary board of the hospital man management, agement, management, and the proceeds are for the charity ward. Very fine individual. Can't use him longer in our herd. Palmetto Park Farm, Z.
Write tor local testimonials. Olive street, St. Louis, Mo. Sold by alt druggists. Albertson from Candler was the guest of his brother. Albertson of this place over Sunday. Gano has accepted the position as chauffeur for Mr.
Foss and is boarding with Mr. Perrin were the guests of Mr. Rrinson Coggins and wife at Welrsdale Tuesday. Foster's sister, Mrs. Julius Slgmon.
Fos Foster ter Foster has not been here in twenty years and he finds things looking much dif different ferent different than when he left here, and many changes in the residents that were here when he lived here. Ills many friends are glad to see him here again. All the packing houses are running this week and everybody is busy. A ,1- luiuieu oidies mans, on messenger 'route No.
Blank bids may be secured from the postmaster upon application. Bidders I should Inform themselves of the amount and character of the service. Surest pile cure. It subdues inflammation, kills pain. Always bring or send a correct description of your property. The laws also allows a discount of 2 per cent for all payments made In November and 1 per cent discount in December Yours very truly, W.
Colbert, Tax Collector. Twinges of rheumatism, backache, stiff joints and shooting pains all show your kidneys are not working right. Urinary Irregularities, loss of sleep, nervousness, weak back and sore kidneys tell the need of a good reliable kidney medicine. Foley Kid Kidney ney Kidney Pills are tonic, strengthening and restorative.
They build up the kid kidneys neys kidneys and regulate their action. They will give you quick relief and contain no habit forming drugs.
Safe and al always ways always sure. Try them. For sale by the Anti-Monopoly Drugstore. Rnjamln, Editor. Entered in the postoffice at Ocala. Captain A. He was well known and highly esteemed over the state.
Governor Wilson announced Friday night that immediately after his inau inauguration guration inauguration as president of the United States he would call an extraordinary session of Congress, to convene not later than April 15, for the purpose of revising the tariff.
Augustine Record Telegrams were received last night y Mayor Webb and the secretary of the board of trade from Rear Admiral Fletcher, reading as follows: "The Second Division of the Atlantic fleet, comprising the battleships Min Minnesota. Kansas, Michigan and South Carolina, will lie off St. Augustine at 2 p.
Instructions were given Rear Admi Admiral ral Admiral ITsher to corne in close to the east co;'-t of Florida, the vessels being tin cd to reach Brunswick Light at 7 o'cick Sunday morning. The intention ts t give Fernandina. Augustine, Ormonl, Iaytona and West Ia! If it is found necessary to do so Ad Aden en Aden ir il Fletcher is instructed to anchor " v t night, and according to the sched schedule ule schedule arranged it is probable the vessels "will anchor near Cape Canaveral, so that they miy pass Palm eUach and Mil ni in daylight.
Several prominent men were in the party in including cluding including Mr. William Hocker of Ocala, Mr. Harney Bridges of Coleman, and I". Engineer Slattery of Jackson Jacksonville. They went down the river In motor boats. The object of the inves investigation tigation investigation was to look out the matter of dredging the river so as to make it navigable for boats and at the same time reclaim much land contiguous to the river.
Theer is no doubt that the opening of this river would develop some of the best lands in the state and open up a rich country which is now now-only only now-only waiting for just such improve improvements.
This would surely mean that this rich territory would soon be tra traversed versed traversed by railroads and the possibili possibilities ties possibilities of the section are almost unlimit unlimited. We are very glad indeed to see Congressman Sparkman taking this personal interest in the matter and are sure he will lend his best efforts to the improvement, which means that we can surely expect some visible results in the near future as Mr.
Sparkman is a man who succeeds in his efforts for his constituents. Sum Sumter ter Sumter County Times. Small P. Minister: Now, Elmer, can you tell me what a gentleman is? Little Elmer: Yes, sir. He's a grown up boy that used to mind his mother. Small Tommy hurt his finger and his mother took him in her arms and be began gan began to dry away his tears with her handkerchief. M Mil. William S. Jennings, fol following lowing following which he will go to Miami for the winter.
Bryan will be accom accompanied panied accompanied by Mrs. Bryan has purchased a four-acre tTact on the outskirts of Miami, where he will, bu'ld a home for permanent winter residence and ex-Governor and Mrs. Jennings will also build a home on.
The two fami families lies families will occupy rented cottages until their new homes are completed. Bryan has spent portions of re recent cent recent winters at Mission, Tex. Bryan desires a warmer climate, as a result Of which she and the "Great Common Commoner" er" Commoner" will revel in the magnificent cli climate, mate, climate, of Dade county. Bryan Gpeaks at Savannah Tuesday on "The 3igns of the Times" and will come im immediately mediately immediately to Jacksonville. He and Mrs. Bryan will be greeted at Miami by the Woman's Club and other organ organisations.
Although deefated three times in tils race for the presidency, Mr. Bryan Is believed to hold a stronger place in the hearts of democrats than ever be before. His magnificent fight at Balti Baltimore, more, Baltimore, which resulted in the defeat of Chamj Clark and the nomination of Governor Wilson, is regarded as one of the most notable in American his history, tory, history, and the manner in which he trounced the braves of Tammany Hall has more than ever endeared him to the American people, and democrats of the South in particular.
One of the most attractive campaigns of advertising now running in this pa paper per paper is that of the White Clover Flour, a. Vi'e trust that our readers will give this flour a fair trial. Little Lola: Where are you going, Aunt Jos'e? Aunt Josie: To the professor, dear, to take a fencing lesson. Little Lola: Please take me with you. I want to see you climb a fence. Johnnie," said the Sunday school teacher, "do you know who wrote the story of the loaves and fishes we have just finished reading?
For sale by Wm. Anderson, druggist and seedsman. Take Digestlt for indigestion ana wear a smile. At Court Pharmacy. The entire fire de- j partment responded, as by that time the black smoke could be s-en above j the tops of the other buildings.
As soon as the firemen reached the blaze and the hose was laid. Chief Chambers t sent -the wagons back to the station I for all of the remaining hose and connections were made from both openings in the two nearest hydrants ; and had four streams bes5des the j from private sources were soon play playing ing playing on. The fire originated in the big two- story, frame- iron covered roof and side warehouse, which is next to and j only about thirty feet from their brick warehouse.
This building was pack packed ed packed on both floors with inflammable furn'ture that was all ablate in a few j minutes and was a veritable inferno of heat. The warehouse behind this one soon caught fire.
It was also two stories and packed with Inflammable ; goods. It took only a glance to see that these two houses would soon be entirely consumed, and there was not time to save or even attempt to save any of their contents: in fact, the fire- j men could never get Inside of them.
The entire attention of the depart department ment department was turned towards keeping the walls of the adjoining buildings on the south the huge three-story cor corrugated rugated corrugated iron building occupied by Mr.
C Smith and others: on the east, the bi;r two-story brjck building of Mclver. Each of these buildings was on fire at some time and it wa only by the most strenuous efforts that they could be 'kept from bursting into flames. The roof and wood work of the br'ck building caught and smouldered many times and little spurts of flame burst out.
The wooden portion of the ; skylight, three stories high, was all in flames at one time. Finally a num- ; ber of men got to this roof with great difficulty, a rope was thrown to them : and a section of hose drawn up. Every one knew that, if the brick warehouse or the big three-story iron j ones should burn, the ent're block. Models of the Hudson Cars for The prices are F.
Call at the Garage for Demonstration. Pyles, Mgr. If interested call on W. Eggs for setting at V Ter dozen. Apply to C. Bunnellon, Fla. Marion, Putnam and Citrus -counties to represent oldest establish established ed established sewing machine on earth.
Exper Experience ience Experience not necessary. Good men can make good wages. Address Singer dewing Machine Co.. Gainesville, Fla. Initial stationery, ZZc. Ceng's Drug Stores. Why Tay More? Among them are turnips, rutabagas, 'Onions, cabbage, lettuce, beans, etc. The seed are the most reliable, the freshest and best that can be had. Oil Fellows meet Tuesday night.
Sunbeam Soda, full pound pkge. Export ISorax Soap, same size and shape of Octagon and is a better piece of soap. Paid firemen, many of the old vol volunteers, unteers, volunteers, scores and scores of citizens worked themselves to the verge of ex exhaustion haustion exhaustion to save their own and other people's property and but for the aid of the citizens the small paid depart department, ment, department, although they worked until they were ready to drop, half drowned and blackened by too close contact wth smoke and flame, could never have handled the situation and saved the other property.
Their numbers were too small and equipment too meagre. The water pressure was weak, but seemed to grow stronsrer as the fire progressed. The pumps at the water works were set in motion as soon as the fire broke out and the tank kept filled, which helped the pressure out. There was a lack of hose and the de department partment department could have used feet in addition to what they had with great advantage.
They needed more hel helmets, mets, helmets, as there were not enough for the volunteers, who were working so close to the fire. One man was seen with a water bucket over his head and there will be dozens of red and blis blistered tered blistered faces and noses tonight. The department needed a new extension ladder badly. Many electric lisrht and telephone wires were burned in two and the current was cut off in that section by Supt.
Caldwell to remove the danger from live wires. The situation was certainly handled well by Chief Chambers, his men and their able lieutenants, the volunteer citizens.
Many a good sui of clothes was ruined with never a thought from the owner. There was not time to ask or think what caused the fire. The loss will be very' severe, though cov covered ered covered by insurance. It is purely guess work on the reporter's part, but the fire must have caused a loss in build building ing building and contents of at least? Several people were slightly injur injured ed injured while fighting the fire and Mr. Sam Pyles, Jr.
A phy physician sician physician was summoned from the crowd and he was given immediate attention. Pyles was badly bruised by an usly fall and overcome with the heat. It is not thoucht that he will be loner in recovering entirely.
The property owners in the block that was endangered, anl especially Messrs. I Tl-e entire population of the city, it seemt-d. Tiianv women oi! Ramon T. Marchan, of Barce Barce-loneta. King's New Dis Discovery covery Discovery is doing splendid work here. It cured me about five time. We hope this great medicine will be sold in every drugstore in Porto Rico. A trial will convince you of its merit. Trial bottle free. Don't waste money ty tmylng strengthening plasters. Chamberlain's Liniment is cheaper and better.
Damp Dampen en Dampen a piece of flannel with it and bind it over the affected parts and it will relieve the pain and soreness. For sale by all dealers. There are eight patients in the hospital, and all are doing well. J pro l-ice. All Implements, Cows and Horses. A Big Bargain for Some one. Walter S. Yonge has gone out of the business. All plumbing jobs and contracts, whether large or small, will be carefully looked after.
Phone Respectfully, Ad. Alston, Ral Raleigh, eigh, Raleigh, N. C, once prevented a wreck with Electric Bitters.
A trial will convince you of their match matchless less matchless merit -for any stomach, liver or kidney trouble. Regular convocations of the Ocala Chapter No. XL, on the fourth Friday in every month, at p. Connor, IL P. Jake Brown, secretary. My children were all sick with whooping cough. One of them was in bed. Our doctor gave them Cham Chamberlain's berlain's Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and the flrst dose eased them, and three bottles cured them," says Mrs.
Donald Donaldson, son, Donaldson, of Lexington, Miss. A twenty-gauge Winchester repeat repeat-ins: ins: repeat-ins: fchoteun. Just the thins for ladles' "use, at B.
Why Pay More? Notice is hereby given to all cred cred-I I cred-I. Rena 1 Smith. OOO 4tf. U00 1U. OU0 WO W0 UU0 7. OuO 4. H0Q 2. UOO SU6 6.
V50 4. CO0 2. McDulfy's Stables, Ocala, Ha. For the first time in eighteen years the Democratic party has captured the executive and legislative branch branches es branches of the National Government, and will be in position to take positive control of the situation March 4.
Woodrow Wilson's vote in the Electoral college will be , William Howard Taft will have eight and Theodore Roosevelt is credited with The Wilson vote marks a new record in national elections, although his populair vote will be less than that of any President elected since Eighteen Democratic Governors were chosen out of the twenty seven voted for.
Poindexter, elected from Washington as a Pro Progressive, gressive, Progressive, announced that he will bolt the Republican caucus when he re returns turns returns to Washington. When it became apparent that Wil Wilson son Wilson had swept the country main in terest centered in the race between Taft and Rocsevelt, the party win winning ning winning second place gaining many ad advantages, vantages, advantages, such as representation on nonpartisan commissions and on elec election tion election boards.
While the Bull Moose ticket undoubtedly had an aggregate vote in the country much greater than that of the regular Republicans, it came third on state tickets in many important commonwealths, notably New York, Ohio and Illinois, and in the latter state the Election Board is issue sue issue already has been decided in favor of the Republican organization. The strength of the Socialist vote is one of the features of the election, especially in the industrial centers of the Middle West, where there is more than one place Debs outran his three presidential rivals.
The one national asset of the Socialist party. Represen Representative tative Representative Victor Berger, however, went down to defeat in his efforts to se secure cure secure reelection from the Milwaukee District, and several Socialistic city governments were rebuked by the vo voters ters voters by retirement from office. President Taft captured two states one in New England and the other in the far West. Wilson took all the others. Governors Elected. Their Party Affiliations and Pluralities.
Popular Vote for President Election of They are thoroughly broken nnl ready for immediate use. Among them can be found a number of j good farm teams, farm mares and g neral purpose horses. Also some good, useful livery, saddle and road j horses; n fact, there will be some of all sizes to select from.
They can le seen and driven by all intending buyers. The Auction sale starts promptly at 1 p. Mcinmy Stables. Alabama Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut..
New York New Jersey North Carolina North Dak Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania.. Rhode Island. Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington.. TVest Virginia.
Wlsronsrn Wyoming Taft. T91 S15 2-S. VS 34i'. C-VJ S19 1. S73 If! Mo Bryan. K4 S7 S VS9 2?. Cj S37 C29 2es 1.
S55 14 3. Democrat Democrat 7. Republican 1. Republican Illinois Edward F. Republican 81S Kansas George H. Democrat 10 Minnesota A. Republican Republican Legislature elects. Democrat 1 Democrat 50, North Dakota L. Republican 2. Democrat 2. Blease, Democrat 50, South Da. Republican 5, Teias Oscar C. DeaiDcrat Democrat 4. Repubhcan 3. Republican 5. This fore foreshadows shadows foreshadows a sharp struggle between the so-called Progressive element of the party for the control of committee ma machinery chinery machinery of the upper house.
Rumors of the impending clash based upon sentiments privately ex expressed pressed expressed by the Progressive Democrats were supported by the arrival in Washington of William Jennings Bryna and the announcement that Colonel Bryan would remain 'there for some time. Congress, after March 4, will be dominated by Progressive Democratic influence, in the opinion of Mr. Bryan, who was in Washington on his way to Florida with Mrs. The Com moner, however, declined to give an opinion on th extra sesesion question or to say whether he will accept or re reject ject reject a place in President elect Wilson's cabinet.
Electoral Vote Tor President at Election of Ohio Oklahoma Orecon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota.. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Taft. Bryan- R. We will convince you that this Is the market for. Fin steamers; best service; low fares; wireless telegraph. Through tickets to and from principal points.
Send for boqklet. Seminole Hotel. Jacksonville, Fl. FlneM CoaotTvlnr Tr! Z1 Wathiortoo fr-u, Cooberml, od.. I tor mi m""" v-1 'or fr t"w, aud am now frat ol ril troul! We have hem in all colors and sizes. We have them in Brown, Navy and Taupe, all sizes.
They are made with latest Robespierre Collars. Something new in a store event. Every garment and every item of ready to use merchandise involved in this store wide display and sale is of the present season's styles. Here are specimen values which emphasize the wisdom of immediate attendance.
Some are Johnny Coats, but most of them aie the long coats. They are made lip to the min minute. We have all sizes and a large as assortment sortment assortment of designs. We have all the latest styles in fabrics and patterns. Our line consists of the best for the money and are made right. Our prices for the entire garment in a good many instances is far less than what you would "have to pay for the making of it.
We hare ten pretty models. We have a full as assortment sortment assortment in long and short gar garments ments garments and in various fabrics.
The styles in no. You wiil find all sizes. Ladies' Suits We have put in about 20 of the very latest style suits in this lot, most of them cut in the new cutaway frock style. These have guaranteed satin linings. They are mostly black and navy serges and are about as good suits as will be seen here. We handle the best line that we know of. Every boy's suit or pants we sell we guarantee will wear satisfactory or we will give you a new garment.
See our line before you invest. Ask us to explain to you it means a free present if you are the lucky one. Lovell of Sparr, won a nice sewing machine October 1st.
Kitts' carload of house household hold household goods arrived last week and they have moved out to their farm. Kitts brought her loom and is a car carpet pet carpet weaver.
Floyd of Hawthorn made a pro professional fessional professional visit to Orange Springs last 'Tuesday. In the person of Mr. Archibald C. Herbert Feck, who was- reported iulte ill last week, is rapidly improv improving, ing, improving, his friends are glad to note. Crowell and their two son. Crowell of TaconiA. They oame to Florida to stay and will soon move out to their farm. James K. Ford is rushing the work on his new house. When fm:? The many friend? William J. Vaness, of Crpplc Creek, Colo.
He is a guest of the Carlton House. Hall started making syrup yesterday. He has promised the young people all sorts of sweet times, drink drinking ing drinking Juice, chewing cane and making candy. He wili probably have com company pany company every evening.
Miss Mabelle Feck of Vineland, N. Mary Magdalenaf, the youngest daughter of Mr. Bartow Har Harper, per, Harper, died the th inst. She was one year, Ave months and eleven days old. We are sorry to hear Mr. Harper has others of his family who are quite ill. McLellen will soon be eady to move out to their farm near own.
Farramore still goes down to Ocala for treatment. His friends are pleased to note he improving. WImberly is trying to arrange for her school to be represented at the fair. The tar inaugurated a plan by which all teachers and pupils should feel grateful. Now it remains for the parents to have the children take ad advantage vantage advantage of the excellent opportunity, which only comes once a year.
The following pupils were on the honor roll: Olin K. Frank Foulkhard. Florida, and Mr. Kentucky, are home seekers who registered at the New South Farm and Home office this week. This company seems quite busy and new settlers are arriving each day. John Andrews, traveling sales salesman man salesman for the Woods Dry Goods Com Company, pany, Company, was calling on his customers hre yesterday.
Since getting their new still up they have been running full time. Cowart has a music clas?. It is a real treat to hear Mrs. Cowart play and we wi? Lord was sick and did rot tail his last appointment at this ; place. The election of "of:leers and teachers of the Sunday school took place last ; Sunday. The same teachers were re reelected elected reelected and a temperance society formed. Mis Hattie Carlton is pres president ident president of the society, and is also orjan- ist.
She succeeds Miss Lois Massey. There is to be a Thanksgiving en entertainment tertainment entertainment by the teacher, Mrs. WImberly and the pupils, for the benefit of the school house. Every Everybody body Everybody should be Interested and help In the much needed repairs. Smith and daughter.
Miss Rosalie, were shopping in Micanopy Wednesday. James Hart and son, James and daughter. Eloise of Edgefield. Mixson and little daughter of Gainesville, arrived Friday and are the guests of their aunt, Mrs. Edwards and little son William, of Ocala. Edwards of Irv. Smith last Thursday. Watkins and daughter. Miss Clarice of Micanopy were week end visitors to Mr. Retls Smith. Smith returned yesterday. Tyson entertained Mr.
Retis Smith, Mrs. Smith and Mr. Epperson at sup supper per supper on, Sunday night. Bmton spent Sunday In Micanopy. There has been quite a lot of sick sickness ness sickness in the community recently but everybody seems to be improving. The election is over and everyone Is delighted over the election of Wilson and Marrball, as well as the state and county of officers. Judge C. Veal visited Ocala Sat urday and returned home sick, but j we are glad to say that it was not a t serious attack and he is now "up and doing.
Woodward made a busi business ness business trip to Rivers' mill Tuesday. Beck and family. Woodward and children spent Sunday at the home of Mr. Steele of York. Barco ealli n Mr. Veal Sunday aft ernoon. Jay Morris expects to leave for Arcadia this week. Nichols of Pedro fnent Saturdav and Sunday with his daughter. Miss Annie at Mr. John Parker's. Mis An nie is teaching the Homeland school. Do you need a buffer, powder puff, nail file, cuticle scissors, cuticle knife?
If bo, you can find quite a selection and many others at the Court Pharm Pharmacy, acy, Pharmacy, "the drugstore on the square.