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Well, the gear is in, just in time for Christmas. But there's a glitch. Here's the label on the hooded Army sweatshirts in a Virginia Sears store: Yeah, you read it right. Of course, the garments are made in China. Again, not a strong P-R point, but perhaps an economic reality these days. The China sourcing might get the Army folks off the hook to a degree, except for this quote in David Rogers's Politico dispatch a few months back: "Robyn Kures, a Los Angeles-based spokeswoman for the fashion launch, said 'every tag, label, design and final product sample must be approved by the Army before it is sold.
Posted by Josh Gerstein at AM 5 comments:. Monday, December 15, Welcome, Blagogate Skeptics. Welcome to the New York Times, which has belatedly joined those expressing skepticism about whether the charges leveled recently at Governor Rod Blaogjevich of Illinois are crimes, or merely ethically distasteful acts of political opportunism.
The story in Tuesday's Times questions whether prosecutor Patrick Fitgerald is seeking to criminalize all kinds of political horsetrading.
A post on this blog six days ago raised similar issues and quoted several prominent attorneys who expressed similar doubts about the case. The 9th Circuit handed defeat today to a Jewish couple which has been trying for 15 years to claim tax deductions for a portion of the tuition they pay to Jewish schools attended by their children. In a ruling issued more than ten months after the case was argued, the judges curtly dismissed the Sklars' argument that the Jewish schools and the Scientology training are similar.
That conclusion could have been fleshed out a little more, in my view. The panel also offers no explanation I can see of why the Sklars were denied deductions for fees related solely to after-school classes in Jewish Oral Law, or Mishna.
There the analogy to the Scientology "auditing and training" seems particularly strong. The Justice Department is hailing the ruling here.
Jeffrey Zuckerman, a Washington attorney who handled the case pro bono for the Sklars, did not respond to an e-mail asking for his reaction. In any event, the panel viewed its decision as dictated to a great degree by a 9th Circuit decision in , which addressed some of these issues but seemed to leave doors open for further challenges. A witty concurring opinion from Judge Silverman in that case famously began this way: "Why is Scientology training different from all other religious training?
We should decline the invitation to answer that question. The panel was openly hostile to the government and seemed inclined, at a minimum, to send the case back down for discovery of the precise details of the Scientology deduction rules.
The Sklars were never permitted to see that policy. Like the earlier panel, the panel which wrote today did seem highly skeptical of the alleged IRS policy toward Scientology, stopping just short of calling the deduction unconstitutional.
That policy grew out of the settlement of a vast array of litigation between Scientology and the IRS. The panel which wrote today adopted the earlier panel's conclusion that giving the Sklars and all taxpayers who pay for religious education a preference that Scientologists allegedly get would only compound the violation of the Establishment Clause.
What was left up in the air today is who has the power to challenge the IRS's deal with the Scientologists. An ordinary taxpayer once might have had standing to do that, but the Supreme Court did away with that in this kind of case back in See here.
It now looks like the alleged unconstitutionality of the Scientologists' tax deal may be one of those government actions which cannot be remedied in the courts. Posted by Josh Gerstein at PM 30 comments:. Newsweek to Become Ideaweek? A great closing line in a Wall Street Journal online story sub. More people generating "ideas" on a narrower and narrower base of facts. Can everyone decide to sell farm equipment while fewer and fewer people actually farm?
I guess we're about to find out. Posted by Josh Gerstein at PM 4 comments:. Obama, Fitzgerald Headed for Clash? Seems to me that President-Elect Obama and U. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald are headed for a clash over the immediacy of the public's right to know. Obama vowed Thursday to make public "over the next few days" some sort of catalog of contacts between his campaign aides and Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich, who was charged Tuesday with trying to auction the senate seat Obama vacated.
But Fitzgerald's M. In response to a question from yours truly, the prosecutor said he wasn't sure whether he would ask witnesses to keep quiet publicly after an indictment was returned. There are already indications that Fitzgerald is asking witnesses in the Blagojevich case to keep mum. CNN reported Thursday night that the network's request for an interview with the Service Employees International Union, which is mentioned in wiretaps related to the case, was rejected. According to CNN, the union said it was withholding comment at the request of the U.
Attorney's office. So will Obama snub Fitzgerald by putting out details of his camp's contacts with the disgraced governor? We in the press tend to favor disclosure though the Chicago Tribune compromised on that already here. The major papers are giving big play to Obama's vow to lay this all out in short order.
Obama also claims to be a proponent of transparency. Still, I wouldn't be surprised if he reverses course and decides discretion is a better option right now. After all, the Bush White House used Fitzgerald's request for silence to justify years of silence about the Libby case.
To be fair to Fitzgerald, he did make clear back in his Libby presser that grand jury witnesses have the right to disclose their own testimony.
The prosecutor just said he urged them not to, which he seems to be doing again in the present case. Rant: I'm somewhat skeptical about prosecutors' requests for public silence in these circumstances, particularly with preliminary charges already filed. The governor and his top aide have the right to investigate the prosecutors' claims and to talk with any witnesses who are willing to talk.
I feel a prosecutor's request to a witness to keep quiet publicly could easily be taken as a request or suggestion not to talk to the defense, which is improper and has led to cases being dismissed. See, e. That's the concern I was getting at in my questions to Fitzgerald back in ' Posted by Josh Gerstein at AM 4 comments:. The return showed 15 people at NPR with the title of vice president or senior vice president. A page on NPR's Web site shows 14 current vice presidents. NPR reported its five highest paid employees were: 1.
NPR afternoon programming director Richard L. He hosted his last NPR show in April, five months before the end of the fiscal year, so the half-million dollar salary presumably including some kind of severance seems to have been for just seven months work. IRS rules require disclosure of the compensation of all officers and the top five rank-and-file employees.
Since some NPR officers deferred compensation, the figures above include "benefit plan contributions" that take account of those earnings and some other benefits. On the other hand, they are surely lower than those at commercial networks. I'm also a bit surprised at the big gap between the top three on-air talents Siegel, Montagne, Inskeep and the other reporters and anchors, who presumably make less than Harris. I would think that any news story about layoffs and budget issues might want to include some of this information to give readers some data points as they digest the story.
Harris" as "senior host" is inaccurate and that the Harris identified in the filing is actually an executive who oversees NPR's afternoon programming. So the science reporter Richard Harris should never have been mixed up in this post. I have an email into NPR seeking clarification on both points and will update as warranted. Harris, contrary to the tax filing signed by NPR on July 8, and posted here.
Posted by Josh Gerstein at AM comments:. As any regular NPR listener knows, "Silk is soy. Starting in January, packages of Silk "that look much like our existing line" will no longer be organic, the manufacturer said in an e-mail to customers last night. Doesn't that imply the cost of the organic is unreasonable? In a nod to the trend of of buying locally produced food over organics, the company also noted that the new products would be made exclusively from North American soybeans.
I don't have much of a problem with the change, chiefly because I don't drink soy milk. Also, I have some doubts about whether organics really deliver what consumers think they're getting. In particular, I don't think consumers know the organic label does not signify any regular testing for pesticides. That's true even though purportedly organic products are regularly sourced from countries where toxic chemicals regularly contaminate groundwater.
More on that here. Posted by Josh Gerstein at AM 2 comments:. But is it a federal crime? Fitzgerald pushed the legal envelope when he charged that Blagojevich used his aides to solicit a bribe by telling the Tribune Company that a state-backed refinancing of its debt related to Wrigley Field would make more progress if the Chicago Tribune fired editorial writers who had sharply criticized the governor.
Attorney in Washington, D. Fuck them. Howard said. If people want to reform that: fine, pass a law reforming it. Through his lawyer, Blagojevich has denied wrongdoing. The Tribune Co. Ultimately, any faults in the charge related to the Tribune could be immaterial, given the far more explosive and essentially separate charge that the senate seat being vacated by President-Elect Obama was being brazenly auctioned off by the Illinois governor. In another less noticed case involving two Islamic charities with alleged ties to terrorist groups, Fitzgerald went after the phone records of Miller and another Times journalist, Philip Shenon.
The prosecutor lost at the district court, but won at the 2nd Circuit. The Supreme Court refused to take the case. Monday, December 8, Lesnik Gets Probation. The curious case of Abraham Lesnik, which I wrote about previously here and here , has ended with the ex-Boeing scientist being sentenced to three years probation, according to Lesnik's attorney.
Lesnik was accused of using a thumb drive to bring about classified documents to his home. The government wound up asking for a four-year prison term and had earlier threatened to seek more than five years. According to Lesnik's lawyer, Marc Harris, Judge Florence-Marie Cooper said at the sentencing hearing today that she was convinced that the physics expert neither transmitted nor intended to transmit the information he took home.
Lesnik asserted he took the materials, some of them marked "top secret," simply to make it easier to work at home. Harris says the prosecutor, Daniel Goodman, insisted that the government's briefs in the case were not intended to suggest that Lesnik made or planned an attempt to disclose the information.
Lesnik probably benefitted from his case being assigned to Judge Cooper, who saw first-hand the relatively lenient sentences the government agreed to in cases involving arguably far more serious breaches of the rules for handling classified information.
I have in mind the cases involving senior FBI agent J. Smith and Katrina Leung, a longtime informant who later became a suspected double agent for China.
Judge Cooper became a nightmare for the government when she dismissed the Leung case, citing a constitutional violation.
That ruling led to the rather weak sentence Leung received. So, not the judge a prosecutor, especially on this kind of case, would want to draw. Lesnik probably also benefitted from his attorneys' unusually exhaustive research into prior criminal cases involving mishandling of classified information. I'm told press turnout for the hearing, in downtown Los Angeles, consisted of the Daily Journal legal newspaper and the City News Service, a local wire service.
Apparently the Los Angeles Times, whose parent company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy today, couldn't be bothered to show up, nor could the national wire services or the national newspapers if any still lay claim to that title. Posted by Josh Gerstein at PM 31 comments:. Sunday, December 7, Ananchronistic Interference.
My wife's iPhone is causing significant interference to the Christmas music my father-in-law is playing on his eight-track tape player. I somehow doubt Apple tested for this sort of thing. This situation strikes me as perilously close to disregarding the famous admonition in Ghostbusters not to cross the beams.
Posted by Josh Gerstein at AM 1 comment:. Should he get four years in prison? Former Boeing aerospace engineer Abraham Lesnik is in some very good company. On Monday afternoon, the year-old physicist is to go before a federal judge in Los Angeles to be sentenced for taking classified information home without permission.
Each of those powerful men escaped without jail time for their misdeeds. So why, then, is the Justice Department throwing the book at the lowly Boeing engineer by asking for a whopping four-year prison term?
Some observers say links to Israel could also have heightened suspicions. The official recommended a sentence of a year and a day for the scientist.
In seeking a restraining order against Boeing, Lesnik noted that he was about to embark on a two-week family trip abroad. In the sample room the samples are scked and their numbers recorded with the date on which they were received. The samples ore prepared for analysis by passing the entire sample through ieve having a mesh one-twelfth of an inch in diameter, care being taken that iry part of the sample passes through the sieve.
The sample ia then thoroughly XM and quartered for the sample for the labcwatory. One chemiat makes the determination of nitrogen, a aec- 1 chemist determines the phosphoric acid, and yet another the potash. When determinations have been completed they are reported on separate blanks to I clerk having charge of the samples in the labonitory. The complete analysis is reported ia aD official report to the commiseioiMr, ed if this report shows that any one of the guarantees are not met in the onalfua [ the fertilizer, the request is made that the analysis be repeated or reteated.
When the request for reteating the sairple of fertiliier is received, a new sample taken from the original sample for the laooratory, and is passed through a ueve iving a meah of one-fortieth of an inch in diameter, well mixed, and the detenn- aliona made in duplicate. The results of the analyses are reported to the commissioner and published r him in the bulletin of the department.
All of the samples of fertiliiera are analyied by the methods of the Associa- aa of Official Chemists. The number of analyses of fertilizers made by the division of chemistry for le years , , ana The samples analysed include human and stock foods, the nature and scopo the work may be seen from the following sumirary Stock foods, ; condin-ental foods, 2; total samplea.
The total number of Eamples tested were , The work on foods for the year is less than for the previous year, this result ling isrgely due to lack of fvnda to en'ptoy the usual forre of chemists. The food irk should have at least four chemists end other additional help as may be neces- ry to prepare the psmples and give untrained help to the chemists. Under the law, the glassware used in the creameries of the State must be tested the DirisioD of Chemistry.
This number is pieces over the number tested the previous year. Analysit of Samplet for the Prohibition Committioner. Onder the law, it is the duty of the CommiBsioner of Agriculture, under certain nditioDS, to have analyzed the samples sent in by the Prohibition Commissioner d other State officials charged with the enforcement of the law. Samplea that contain a larger amount of alcohol than the law allows must have an affidavit made by the chemist making the analyaia, and if necessary, the chemist attends the trial.
During the year, samples were analyzed as compared with samples analyzed during the previous year. Co-operative Wtirk with the Commisaioner oj Fisheries. Analyset qf Lime and Limestone.
The lime producla sold for agricultural purposes in the State may be divided into three classes, burned lime, ground lime stone, and marl. HirUnlniTg These samples are collected by the inspectors and sent to the laboratory num- bered and the same care taken with them as is taken with the samples of fertilizers. The chemiate know only the number of the sample and nothing of the manufacturer or party sending the sample. The samples are prepared for chemical analysis with the same care taken with the samples of fertilizers.
The determinations of calcitun oxide and magnesium oxide are made on the samples of lime. The determination of the carbonate of lime and carbonate of magnesia for the ground limestone and maris. If the analyses show that the products fall below the guarantee of the man- ufacturers in any manner, the analysis is repeated upon another laboratory sample taken from the original sample, which has been passed through a sieve having a mesh of one-fortieth of an inch in diameter and determinations made in duplicate.
Some of the samples contain potash and the analysis of such samples requires the determination of the potash present. During the jiear, samples of lime, limestone and marl were analyned. During the ycv, mioceUaneous samples were aualjKd. The LaboraUrylWork. The chemical work of the year has as a whole been carried on under favorablt conditions.
During the summer, the division waa compelled to move into new quarters, as the building that had been occupied for a number of years waa boU and the new owners desired to remodel the bmlding. The new location of the laboratories are much better for the work of the di- vision than the old location. The moving was accomplished with vei? Gish, seveied his connection with the U vision. A large part of the value of the chemical work is the promptnesB with which a report can be made.
It is a part of the plan for the improvement of the chemical work in tbe di- vision to have from time to time one of the chemists spend some time b the Fedeial laboratories. Berry, durins the year, carried on work in the bacteno- logica laboratory for one wedc and the microchemical laboratory for two weekt in the Bureau of Chemistry of tbe Department of Agriculture, at WsHhingtoti, D. Work of this nature produces a better trained man for the work of the di- vision and it also tends for co-operation between the State and Federal labors- Summary.
The summary for the work of the division for the year may be seen in the fol- lowing comparison with the work of the years and ' Fertilisers, official samples 3, 4, 3,fl56 Fertilizera, special samples 50 98 93 Fertilisers, re-test samples Food samples: Stock foods Human foods Pieces of glassware tested 2.
There are two vacancies in the working force resulting the past two years that have not been filled on account of the lack of funds for the work. I beg to acknowledge the cordial co-operation that has been given during thr year by those connected with the division and the Department of Agriculture. Respectfully submitted. B, WEF. MS, Chief Cheti'ist. For the Fiscal Tear, October 1, , to September 80, The reader may m this way obtain more clearly the important facts brought out in the body of the report.
Details covering the work urn ortimately, have to be presented largely by means of tables, which are not very interesting to most readers. This, then, we shall attempt to do first. Thirty-three samples, or 1. Standing cf Field Seed Dealers, For the calendar yeox , dealers have been gven a rating or standing based upon the number of violations recorded for each.
This information is given imder Table No. For complete information on tests of official samples, reference should be made to Tables Nos. There were samples received from farmers and dealers this year; more than the previous year. These were largely field seeds, though a few vegetable samples were included.
For a complete tabulation of these samples, including the kinds, germination, purity tests, etc. Summary of Official and Voluntary Samples. Refer to Table No. A total of official and voluntary samples were tested this year and a total of teste made of these samples. This latter figure includes retesto for purity as well as germination and exceeds the number of teste for the previous year by Cheat in Winter Turf Oats.
Winter turf oate and cheat seem to go together, for we find that one-fourth of the samples of oate tested during the fall of contained cheat at the rate of 2 per cent, or more by weight, and that practically every sample which contained cheat seeds to this extent was the variety winter turf, or, as it is fre- quently called, Virginia gray winter.
It is with pleasure, therefore, that the writer takes this opportunity of acknowledging their asolstance and interest in the work and of expressing' his appreciation. Dodder in Alfalfa and Red Clover. Dodder waa found in more Hsinplee of alfalfa this year than in the prerioot ro years; 16 per cent of the official aomples and 23 per cent of the voluntai]' mplea contained dodder.
It was found in 15 per cent of the official and in 19Cper cent the voluntary samples. Biukhom in Red Clooer. Buckhom was less common, though one-third of the official samples contained and 81 per cent of the voluntary samples.
About the same relative number of orchard grass samples contained wild onion itlbteta this year as were found the previous year, though it was present in derably fewer samples in Many more wheat samples contained wild onion bulbleta this year than ii or They were found in 67 per cent of the official and 65 per cent of the 'oluntary samples, as compared with 44 and 39 in , and 14 and 35 in More official samples of oats and fewer voluntary samples contained nild nion, the percentage of samples containing these bulbleta being 16 for the official nd is for the voluntary samples.
Approximately one-third of the official and one-fifth of the voluntary aamiiJea if rye contained wild onion bulblets.
Crimson Clover Gfrmination. About one-fourth of the crimson clover seed sampled were misbranded be- ause the percentage of gennination given on the tag was too high. Teats of approximately samples show that less than two-fifths of the seed rom which these samples were taken tested as high as SO per cent, also that ontj 1 per cent of the samples tested as high as 90 per cent.
Ijwesligalion of Vegetable Packet Seeds. This investigation brings out very clearly that the purchaser has little aoEur- nee of the quality of the vegetable seed he buys in packets. Every seed may be apable of sprouting or all of it may be dead. Deparlrwjii of Agriculture and Imtmgration of Virginia mater turf oat, aiao contained very little cheat seea.
Practically every Mmple whiei contained this cheat was the variety, winter turf. The percentages varied fron 2 to 14; the two samples containing the largest amount contained These one hundred samplee include not only official samples collected by in- spectors but those sent ia voluntarily by farmers and seedsmen during the monthi from July to December, , inclusive. Farmers purcbasing winter turf oab should examine each lot for the presence of cheat seed, and m many cases han them tested for purity and germinatioa previous to sowing.
TroubUtone Weed Seedt. A comparison of three common and troublesome weed seeds found in aampki of seeds during the past three years is of interest, for it shows the proportion d samples that carry the seeds or bulblets of these weeds. As the years go by, wi hope that the seeds of these weeds will appear in fewer and fewer samples. This year there has probably been more misbranding of crimson clover seed m germination than any other kind of field seeds.
Dealers continue to place 90 per cent germination on crimson clover tags, even though this department has repeat- ediy warned them not to do so if they wanted to keep out of trouble. Of of- ficial samples tested, It also shows that only 8 lota out of each hundred may be expected to test as :h as 90 per cent In Kermination.
We have every reason to expect the same per- mance next year ana hope dealers will act accordingly. Wide variations in gennioation, cost of seed, and weight of packets, are the tstanding facts revealed in our packet seed investigation this season.
The pactc- included were purchased in the open market, weighed and tested during the 'ing months of The results seem to lead one very emphatically to tiie :icluaion that imorovement in the methods of handling packet vegetable seeds sadly needed.
The customer needs protection also, and we are convinced that some form of leg- ttion is essential to accomplish adequate protection. Each State and the Federal vemjnent should at least be authorized to purchase and test seed packets d to publish their fiodings. This as a beginning.
While viability germination is not the only factor to consider in connection with quality, it is of the several important ones. High quality seed may genninate less than scrub d and yet be worth much more, but of what value is highly bred seed, three- irtbs or more of which is dead? The teste this years packets clearly show that there were too many low vitality packet ds being sold to Virginia purchasers, and further, that a numberof dealers were Department of Agricidlure and Immigration of Virginia Samples Shourinf Poor Germitvtiion.
Tn'elve, or 4 per cent, of the sairples showed poor germination. Delayed GerminaHon. Delayed germination was noted in a number of samples, that is, a consider- ,ble longer time was necessary for the treated seed to sprout.
It aeema probeMc. All that is neceesary la to have the seed treated long nougb in advance of the sowing date so that it may be tested for germinatica. This year, during the months of January, February, and March, all tobacco eed received by this department, unless the sender advises us to handle it other- i viae, will be first cleanM, then treated with corrosive sublimate, and finally tested ', or germination.
It has been determined by experiments, including field tests, hat corrosive sublimate 1 to is just as effective as formaldehyde. It doet ; lot injure the seed and is much more pleasant to use. Hence, we shall use corroe- ; ve sublimate and not formaldehyde the coming winter. Address all tobacco packages to G. Koiner, Comminioner, RJcbntond. LT no letter accompanies the seed, we shall assume that the sendff Tishes it cleaned, treated, and tested for germination. Number Per Cent.
IS1S I'i 1 ZO IS:ffi ia. A sample ia classJSed as a vtolatlon. S3 Hi 2S i! HanTOD 'bnge. Early Junes Wako- 25 23 if S ibage. Danlab BaUhaad on. Oelobet 1, to September 30, MEEK, Direcior.
The beet way to aooomplish the purposes for which thia Division waa created-, 1 our opinion, is through organitatum and cO'OperatUm. To encourage grading of wool. To market wool cGps econamicaJly and secure the advantages of collective bargaining.
Mate survey of communities in need of aaaistance in marketing 2. Assist in formation of co-operative associations to market wool and furnish plans of organization adaptable to local needs. Demonstration of tentative wool grades of the Bureau of Markets and also actual grading of wool. Abo to present pUns of organiaii Buitable to local needs, Bnil to amist in making the initial abipmentf 3. Conferences with directors and executives of co-operative asaociatMn.
Hold short couraes and demonstrations in grading, shipping and acrm ing. Exptelxd RetulU. To bring about better and more economical means or transportatkc 2. To co-operate with the transportation companies in working out a dm ' more careful and speedy methods for handling live stock, fruits and r etables. Ohio Eiperlment Statlou. To bring increaEed returns to the producer by improving n-ethodsi handling fruits and vegetables.
To encourage use of standard containers. To encourage use of United States government standarda. These plana are being carried out as far as conditions will permit, and thoee operating with this Division are the following: United States Bureau of Markets. State Department of Agriculture. State Extension Division. Count jf Agents. Market Information. In connectioD witb market information, we wish to state that we are attempt-! While very little service m furnishing martet news has been given, we are now irkine on plans that look very encouraging for reporting market news each even- l of Uie main markete that day to all parte of Virginia by wireless.
We have teen rrying seasonal information more of an educational type than news in the regilar mthly bulletin. The Exchange liste carried in the regular monthly bulletin have been extreire- poputar. In fact, during the spring months we received so many requests that was almost impossible to grant them all, but by being especially careful in word- ; the listings and rejecting all those that were at all in question as to whether not they would benefit the average farmer, we have carried them fairly satis- ;tory and have received a number of complimentary letters from people taking vantage of the opportunity afforded them in this way.
In order to find out what the resulte have been to those who have made i:se the 'Tor-Sale" and "Want" columns compiled by this Division and carried in e regular monthly Bulletin during the past year, a questionnaire was sent out ring the first of September to ascertain how satisfactory the resulte are, how ich it has been worth to them, whether or not they wish the service continued, d how it can be improved- At this writing a large number have been returned, but others are coming in ily, I wish you could go over these replies with me or I could quote them here, t that is not feasible.
However, I shall give a brief summary made of those re- roed to date. Number of people making use of this service from October , to Septem- r, , inclusive, Number of rephes received to date, ; entirely sat- actory, Others who retumed juestionnaires, It did not report anything definite, valued at one dollar each, which is the least nount valued by those reporting in doliara, tl OO above local offers.
OO have been returned to the pro- 's that they would not have gotten had there been no co-operative marketing. By very conservative figures at least , Qrading and Markeling Wool. A number of local wool pools have organised in addition to those formed last year, where an expert classifier shed by this Division in co-operation with the United States Bureau of Mar- has graded approximately , pounds of wool, assembled at 14 places, najority of which was from 18 ddiflerent counties.
Most of this wool is stored in three large wajehouses, and arrangements are being made for selling it direct to the manufacturers by grades, in order to n to the producer the largest net sum per pound.
It is not expected that the year will prove to be aa profitable in this way of marketing wool as the fol- jg ones, since the expense of getting started must be taken care of. However, Msiona from the powers ate to the effect that the educational advantages to lined by their aeemg the grading done is worth more than it has cost to carry be work.
Faeililating and Speeding Tramportatum. During the State Fair, , upon being notified of the fact that railroads not holding cars for exhibitors without charging heavy demurrage, this Di' n called officials of several railroads into conference, and an agreement was ; that allowed exhibitors to bold their cara for return shipments without charge On October 23, we were informed by the State Corporation Commission that silroods in Virginia had asked permission to increase their charge on a hundred.
After considering the facts the increase was not ted as asked, and instead of increasing the cnarge for grain fed live stock in tit to S3. Questionnaires were sent out to farmers' organizations and others in regard le present freight and traffic conditions.
G, Maier, of the Harrisonburg Poultry and Egg Company, New York, called lis office and stated that his mission was to see what could be done in regard siting better service between Harvieonburg and Norfolk as to the milk ship- a, Mr.
Maier stated that his corapanv desired to enlarge their business m oik, but were unable to stand the risk ff refrigerator cars were not to be pro- i for the service. In addition to this we have sent out circular letters and information from tint to time that ne thought waa of value to the farmers. ActivUiet of Office and Director.
Personal letters written 4, Circular letters written 38, Circular letters sent out 38, Lists seijt out Articles written for papers 38 Copies sent out to papers Miles traveled by railroad 2 Miles traveled by car Meetings attended Attendance at those meetings.
The administration of these two great systems should be more genero in serving agriculture. That larger discretionary power be given the Federal Reserve Bank the extension of credit to farmers.
The act was passed to support sjid stabilize agriculture as well as com- rce and indugtry, but in its operation it has failed misembly to sustain agri- ture. It ia our conviction that the great aBricuJturai industry is entirely too Dendent upon the local bank or banks in a given conunuitity or section.
Federal Farm Loan Syglem. Wbereaa the bonds of the Federal Farm Loan System have been declared the highest court "instrumentalities of the Government" they should be avail- le as collateral for loans in the Federal Reserve Sytem on the same basis aa JIB coUateralised by other government securities. It is our full desire to co-operate m every way to bring about better working ttions between the Federal Reserve and Federal Farm Loan Systems with the Iners of our country.
Retoleed That we strongly urge an equitable pro rata representation of agri- iDte on the governing boards of the Federal Reserve Banking System. Retobied Tiat we heartily approve and endorse the magnificent program pre- ted by the American delegates to the Disarmament Conference and trust for tneir fpUoa by the nations of the world. That we favor a Federal co-operative statute which will enable [n- iveiy to buy and sell without the constaDt fear of law violatioii ut That we favor an increased.
Federal governments. I never before more thoroughly aroused nor so keenly alive to tLr mproved marketing conditions. This strong sentiment which is s dising over the country should be capitalized now. Agriculture is the fouDdi' ation and bunmn existence. An industry so essential to the weUan is bound to be restored on a peimanently profitable basis. That tx is inevitable. One who in this period of depression will carefully p ti n for the future will be the one who is prepared to profit most by li setter times.
Faith and confidence and intelligent management is tit hat will win despite adversity. Furthermore, it would mean that the State. Eeparbcn 1 the National Department of Agriculture. Be ii further reaobied, That a copy of these resolutions he sent to the Honor- : Warren G.
Brown, chair- I committee of reorganization, Washington, and Henry C. Wallace, Secretary Agriculture. Inasmuch as Dr. Frornme, of the Virginia Agricultural Experinrent tioQ, has found by field studies during the ratt eesEon as well as other re, that tobacco seed treatment will do much to control seed home diBeaEes, State Department of Agriculture at Richmond is going to continue its offer of year to treat all tobacco eeed which is eent in for that purpose.
In addition jeating the seed we are going to run it through our cleaner unless requested to do HO and then treat it to prevent contamination from lots that have been viously run through the cleaner and which rray have carried the dieeaEe gem s.
Let us emphasize then that all tobacco seed eent to the CommiEEioner of Ag- dture this winter will first be cleaned sad than treated with corrosive sublin. Those sending seed should notify this department if they do not it the seed treated. In addition to cleaning and treating the seed will be tested germination and those who want a geiminstion report should request it.
L'n- such requests are received germination rcj-orts will be forwarded only when teats show poor germination and weak vitality.
Have the seed cleaned, treated, and tested, the canvas boiled, and by these pie and inexpensive precautions, together with the other control measures re- mended, start the crop with seed of known quaUty, vigor, and freedom from. Samples sent to Richmond, Virginia, should be addressed to G.
Koiner, imissioner of Agriculture, Wrap the packages well in bags or heavy paper hey will not be lost or broken in the mails. Directions for Vting the Corroiim Sublimate Treatment. Soak tbe seed in corrosive sublimate solution for fifteen minutes using a strengtn ne to one thousand which may be made by dissolving one part of corrosive sub-. For home use the corrosive sublimate may 'btained from any imigstore in tablet form together with directions for making Year Book S—BiUlttin No.
The native white element of the population is increasing, while the per- ige of foreign-bom remains stationary and the percentage of negroes is de- Qg slightly. In the native whites were Inl the native whites were Of the native white population, nearly all were of native parents. One wonders. The foreign-bom population of the Commonwealth, 30,, contain! Canada contributed 1,, England, 3,; Ireland, 1,; Scotland, 1,, and W ales, This total, 8,, is nearly 29 per cent of the whole foreign-born popu'ation.
No other nationalities have as meny u representatives in Virginia — a most remarkable condition. Dhteracy is decreasing rapidly. In , In the per- age was In the lu-ban districts last year illiterapy was 7.
Of the native whites of native parentage, however, only XT cent could not write; of the foreign-born the percentage was 7. The total number of native whites, of native parents, cUssed as rates, was 70, That is a mirfity army of ignorance, to be sure, but it haa L reduced 10, in ten years. They are the kind that help greatly in influencing the red lack mark on the swine page of the farm ledger. One series of these selection onstrations the past fall was held in Hamilton county.
Schwab of the oal husbandry staff conducting ten meetings or two a day for five days. On the farm of John Kirk, near Noblesville, Mr. Schwab pointed out the i and bad testures of 15 gilts, ending the demonstration with three bead left :h he would add to the breeding herd. Due to the cheapnees of the resetable oils used in its manufacture, d milk may be marketed at a. Under these conditions, it has been easy to build up an extensive demand this substitute within a short time.
Many unsuspected people have been led to believe that the new filled milk qiial to genuine milk in food value. The diseemination of this erroneous idae 1 itself a menace, since filled milk is decidedly inferior to genuine milk. It has n established by Dr. Hart and Dr. Steenbock, of the University of WiBconsin, b about 90 per cent of the vitamines in milk are contained in the butter-fat.
Therefore, filled milk ia an inefficient and D dangerous substitute for genuine milk in the diet of the child. Its continued would also injure adult persons.
Every pound of filled milk sold replaces a pound of whole milk. In 1B20, manufacture of filled milk totaled 85, pounds. This is competition which the dairy industry will I it hard to withstand. It would be very easy for manufact- rs to build plants in a short time in States with large populations, such as Illi- 3. The other bill is the Fordney filled milk bill.
It has the support of all the ling dairj' associations and of the American Farm Bureau Federation. This would license all manufacturers of and dealers in filled milk and would nut ormidable tax upon the product. Dairymen believe t regulatory legislation, such as the Fordney bill provides, is needed to neet situation.
During the hearings on filled milk legislation before the house committee on iculture. Secretary A. Loomis, of the National Dairy Union, asked congress impose a tax of three and one-balf cents per pound upon the produce. He stat- that the vegetable fat in a pound of filled milk does not cost over one cent, while butter-fat in a pound of Condensed milk is valued at four or five cents.
From the standpoint of the dairy interests, it is unfortunate that two con- ting bills are thus presented to cover the same subject. Fight the FUes. Fliei Iravel long dietaruxi. That the housefly not uncommonly makes a journey of five to six miles in the ce of 24 hours, is shown by eTperiments conducted by the Bureau of Entomolo- United States Departn-ent of Agriculture. The ease with which flies travel Qv miles shows the importance of general sanitary n-easures to destroy breed- places.
By IF. These certified soy. I per cent, moro tnan the ordinary seed commonly used. To become a factor and wield an infiuence in the marketing of their pro- I, To undertake actual commercial distribution of tbeir products, S.
To obtain commercial efficiency in the marketing of their products. To stabilize the supply in accordance with the market demand. To secure for producers the services of marketing experts. To reduce the cost of Buppliee required in marketing. To eliminate speculation and waste, 1 To secure direct and orderly distribution.
Forty years ago farmers had 70 per cent of the population; now the propor- is only 40 per cent. Poor profits and hard work will never build up any bus-. Let the profiteers take warning. The day of reckoning is surely coming. The reason for this is that the short crop of orchard fruits this year has caused any growers to give less attention to spraying than usual, and in that way pw- itted several very expensive diseases to go unchecked.
This has been the case specially with ajiple blotch, which has spread rapidly and established many new liikere, from which the crop next year will be infected. Black rot, bitter rot, and le ever present apple scab all have been permitted to increase where the spray- ig praKram was not regularly followed. Tne effect of this is noticeable early thu ta in the advanced stage of defoliation in many apple orchards. In itber words, spray right for the crop. The crop will be a good one, for with be vacation tne trees have bad this year, unless the defoliation by scab has been xcesaively severe, the apple crop should make up in volume and quality for he failure that occurred this year.
An Ini[Mfftuit Work. He gives a comparison of then and now. And nei- ther farmers nor laborers had ever before received adequate compensation for their work in comparison with the profits of industry, of banking, and of general biisi- "Every manufacturing enterprise was crowded to the limit of its capacity. K Mrtain length of niniune time, all of which must be memoriied.
You may find fault with us for mentioning these "technical" names. A Square Deal for Ike Car. Now let us remind you of some of the things you must do to give your car square deal. We will begin at the front end. See that vour radiator is filled and replenished with clean water — water that lu wouldn't De afraid to drink if you had to; and furthermore, if the water you e in the habit of drinking contains a good deal of lime, or other mineral substances, will pay you to maintain a convenient rain barrel.
Keep your radiator well filled. Let the water continue to run through the radiator for a few minutes ter it is drained o5. This may wash out the sediment which may have collected the system. A hose with pressure back of it ia best to flush out the cooling sys- Be careful of the anti-freeaing liquids that you put into your radiator in the inter time. In preparing these Huids chemicals are sometimes used which have very bad efTect on the brass work inside of some radiators. Find out from your aniitaeturer w' ' ' ' ' for use in your particular radiator before you I ahead and I A good ms ed to cool simply because the owner allowed le fan belt to e fan belt.
After a car is driven a few weeks le belt is liabl lile it should not be made too tight, it should! See that th do not get bent out of shape. He believes that ir form of power. At present it seems lanical power will be eliminated. The by observing his method of procedure. On the other ded to horse power but who could use rhere are farmers who have tried trac- ire other farmera who have tried trac- ire still other farmers who have worked mical and horse power, and are com- as developed between the horse power inship or horses on the one hand and ;e the proper balance eventually.
The 1 and the weather is hot is much imals are fresh and a maximum re is certain belt work on most l e done by horses. Far- ired representative cost figures. Latum , irm of the common white clover luphout the United States. In 'dinary white clover except that I and IB two to four times larger ittd take root at the joints, but that are harvested.
The plant used for pasture and hay in the n which it derives its name. It jartment of Agriculture in ' arte of the country. Like lade good growth on poor grav- [sewhere when the soil was limed Year Book — Bulletin No.
Tomato plants should be sprayed on the hotbed before they 3 set in the field. These sprajdngs will prevent It on the vines and rot on the fruit. Success in farming depends to a considerable extent upon success in market - g and marketing has come to be a highly specialized business. It involves an iderstanding of ntunan desires. The consuming public gauges its demands for product according to the degree in which that product satisfies its tastes.
This is especially true in ke case of perishable and semi-perishable products, such as fresh vegetables, bor- es, apples, and potatoes.
Competition is keen in marketing. If a personal visit to the trade is too expensive, and the farmer sells throush dealer, he should write him, questioning him carefiilly about how to sort, grade, nd pack product so that it will bring the highest price.
When a shipment is made, load goods properlv. Follow approved methods in handling biUs of lading. If goods are sold out- ight for cash, have the biU of lading made out to yoursefr, endorse it over to your ]ical banker, and instuct him to send it to his banking correspondent at point of iestination with attached draft for the amount to be collected.
Up on payment I draft, the bill is surrendered to the dealer. If inspection is allowed this should te stated upon bill of lading. If goods are sold on time or shipped on consignment, lave the bill of lading made out to the dealer, and senc it to him at once.
When n advance is to be made for paxt of the consignment the procedure is the same s when goods are sold for cash. When putting up goods for market, e. These are potent factors in determining price. It is not best, ordinarily, to ship to several dealers on the same market at the lame time, for they may compete against one another for buyers, thus bringing rour product into competition with itself, and forcing down the price.
The farmer who sells to a dealer, finds it best to co-operate with him in the landling of goods, for the more money the dealer gets for a product, the more will le in turn bS able to pay the farmer.
Od the otherhoiid, if there is a written underetoading with the na in tnm must assume his share of the reapoosibility. Macketmg periabable larm products is a business in itself, and co-opaia between the buyer and seller is an essential principle of successful i - tonship. The self-feeding of cattle has been thoroughly tried out at the Iowa e: ment station. Teets made with two-vear-old steers during the feeding as of and demonstrate that seJf-feeding eicela feeding a ful by hand.
In both years the self-fed steers outgainea those fed by hand. For every hundred pounds of niin made during the two feedi self-fed steers saved an averaoe of 9. The average daily feed of com per steer in the self-fed lot for the two at was sixteen pounds a day, in companson with fifteen pounds in the case of tbe hut fed steers. Silage consumption ran about tbe same in both of the lots each ni averaginB; twenty-seven pounds per steer daily during tlie first test and uiil pounds during the second test.
Allowances of linseed oil meal and alfalfa M were the same for both lots. It was noticed in both tests that the hogs following the self. In one season the Im saved, by hogs for every pounds of gain made on tbe self -fed steers amount to GO pounds of com and 4 pounds of tankage. As an average the hogs in tbexl fed lot recovered 17 pounos more corn and a half-pound more tankage for at pounds of gain made by the steers.
While the difference in finish between the two classes of steers was slight: favored the self-fed group. As an average of the two teste, they were valunl 1 cents per hundred higher than the steers Full-fed by band.
There was also less diSerence in gains and feed requirements at the a of days, all of which indicates that self-Feeding appears to have greater adviic tage as the feeding period is lengthened to or'lGO days. The element of labor is not taken into account by the experimental dah At the present time the saving in labor is an especially strong argument for wl feeding. I Shelled com was used exclusively in the Ames tests. Ames authorities m Year Book — Bulletin No.
Exper- ntal evidence indicates that steers which are self-fed through a long feeding iod will have an advantage over hand-fed steers sufficient to overbalance the ra com that is required by the self-feeder method. Silage, a cheap feed tms r, should be fed according to appetite, and present price conditions favor feed- more clover or alfalfa hay and little or no linseed or cottonseed meal until tne er part of the feeding period.
Ayrshires or Ojjern- ys. This question is uneet- ed, and probably wiU be for many years. In the mean time, each brewi wiU go 1 having its many old admirers, and new ones will continue to be added, and, 1 in the past, there wiU most likely be a demand for all the really desirable stock the several breeds. Home Mlxinc of FertiliserB. BY DR. The three pJant foods nerally used in fertilizers are, nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash.
The nitrate of soda is very soluble in water and the water the soil acts readily on it, so the roots of the plants can use it at once. Sulphate of aniiinoniB, which supplies the nitrogen in a form that is ailable to the plant after it is changed into the form of nitrate in the soil by the il bacteria. Nitrogen in this form is used to supply the plant food after the nit- te of soda has been used by the plant.
Organic Materials. Nitrogen of this kind is found in dried blood, ied tisb, tankage, cotton seed meal and other products of this nature. The nit' gen of this kind is intended to supply the plant with plant food after the nitrate soda and sulphate of ammonia has been used by the plant.
The oitrogen in the fertilizer is supplied in the three forms for the reason that would not be well to supply it in one form only. For example, if all of the nit- gen was in the form of nitrate of soda, the plant would have an over-supply of trogen during the first part of the growing period and not enough at the latter rt of its growth.
The nitrate of soda supplies the plant with its nitrogen food at once when the ots are ready for it. In the analysis of fertihzers it will be noticed that the percentage of nitrogen given and also its equivalent in ammonia. The ammonia is only a tart of the iterial. Am- nia is simply a name for a substance containing nitrogen. Phogphorie Add aa PlarU Food. The phosphoric acid as it occurs in nature is the form of phosphate rock that n be used by the plant in a limited amount.
The phosphate rock is said to be lavailable for the reason the plant cannot use it as its food. To prepare the phosphate rock so the plant can use it, the ground phosphate ck is treated with sulphuric acid.
The sulphuric acid takes away the lime from e ground rock, producing a product containing phosphoric acid, which the plant n use as its food, or in other words it is available to the plant, Fotath as Plant Food.
Potash as used in fertilizers is supplied largely from the potash salts imported ni Germany and France. Some of the potash salts are manufactured in the lited States. Often the potash in fertilizers is supplied from materials like to- cco stems, ashes, treated dust, etc. The imported potash salts are the high grade sulphate of potash, the low grade Iphate of potash, muriate of potash, double manure salts, manure salts, and SiilphaU of potash, high grade, is preferred by many as a source of potash r the tobacco and potato crops.
Many use the muriate of potash in potato and her fertilizers. The sulphate of potash and the muriate of potash contain about e same amount of potash K2O , SO per cent. Total mtrogen 6 per cent. Phosphoric Acid.
In addi- n to the available phoephoric acid from the acid phosphate, there nil! Nitrate of soda Sulphate of ammonia Dried fish,! These lower grade fertilizers contain a large amount of filler or inert material. G-2 fertiliser contained 20 per cent ordi- ry sand. It is not a business like proposition for a farmer to buy and pay the ught on sand, for use as a fertiliser.
A fertiliser made from high grade materials ' the beet investment for the farmer. Nitrate of soda Suljthate of ammonia 90 Dried fish, 10 per cent, ammonia Acid phosphate 16 per cent Sulphate or muriate of potash 50 per cent The above mitture wiU contain ammonia 3 per cent, available phosphoric acid per cent, and potash 3 per cent.
It will be noted that this is a fertiliser and if a fertilizer is desired e following will meet this demand, either use, two thirds of the amount of the fertiliser.
Or take 1, pounds of the mixture as above given and Id enough earth to make one ton 6S7 lbs. Sulphate of ammonia Acid phosphate 16 per cent Muriate o potash 60 Filler If it is desired to use kainit as the source for potash, as many prefer, the fol- wing mixture will meet this demand.
Sulphate of ammonia Acid phosphate 16 per cent. It takee two busbela of com to buy as much of all commoditiea at csale as it did one bushel before the War. Cotton, tobacco, potatoee, cbickena egga, will buy more than they did during the years We are very fortunate to get the new census report on Virginia before we!
This census information ia of great interest to ovir farmers and is some- g that has never been given before. Every fanner will be interested in looking lis county, which gives all the principal crops and live stock, and when the I census comes along, those of us who are still in the flesh can compare the prog- that will be made in each of the counties of the State. G1A Bedloi Treei No. The big manufacti 'oniga portfl. TTie word ''gen , known as the Bulletin No.
The simplest treatment for intestinal worms is turpentine in milk. All powdered drugs est given in ground feed and should oe well mixed with it or each pig will not le proper doee. Ip dosing a large number, they should be divided into small hes and each bunch dosed separately. The best rraults are gotten wheb thp are starved for about twelve hours before giving the remedy, and when a c is given along with it or immediately after.
Castor oil or calomel are the cs usually given, especially the latter, as it is very effective and can be readily I along with powdered drugs. Turpentine need not be followed by a purgative, rhe main object of this article is to call attention of farmers and hog raisers ese troubles which cause the death of many young hogs and are sometimes dered to be cholera. MEEK, Director. Virginia Wool Growers Enthnslaallc over Pooling. At the Anntial Meeting of the Virginia Co-operative Sheep and Wool Growers' eociation, held in Lynchburg, February- lltb, the benefits of pooling nool, from e activitira of the Association thus far, nere seen to be so great that the growers pect to immensely increase pooling and continue methods of grading and selling eir product.
It was showed that by the method of poohng and grading, gronera were get- ig oD an average of three cents per pound more for their wool than by selUng the usual old way, while in some instances they got as much as 6 cents per Suitable resolutions recognizing the work of the County Agents, Division of arketa of the State Department of Agriculture, and Extension Division of the ite Agricultural College, as being absolutely necespary, were adopted.
George T. Moore, Lexington, Rockbridge county, Va. Lambert, Rural Retreat, rthe oounty, Va. Bulletin No. Burean of MackeU. It is advisable to mor- wards BO that the catches will not interfere with the drawing up of the. Into each of the ends and sides of the box cut three notches Figure 1 11 serve to hold the strings in place while the fleece is being boxed.
BuUeHn No. C, has been marketing the milk in that portion of the State near Wash- :ton co-operatively. The Tobacco Growers' Co-operative Aaaociation which will function in North i South Carolina, as well as in Virginia, has ,, pounds of tobacco dged to it in a five-year contract by Virginia growers, and as North and South rolina growers are organized on the same basis, the above named association ims assured and those in charge of the work expect the association to handle s crop co-operatively.
There are a number of Farmers' Union Exchanges in Virginia and other aim- r orxanizationa that have done a large amount of marketing farm products, well as purchasing seeds and supplies which have resulted in a saving of thouB- ia of dollars to the farmers.
What to Do this Tear. At the end of a year you will have better soil and less loss in money. The Census of states that Virginia farmers produced about milliooi dollajs in wealtlj, but the other fellows got practically ail of it.
It will be ever US until the farmers get together and protect their intereste. By planting leas rs8 and getting larger yields per acre. There seems to be no other way to get a ir price except by growing lees. Some persons think that the use of anti-hog-cholera serum has become so gen- ii that we are far on the way toward the elimination of the disease, but, accord I to the United States Department of Agriculture, a clean-up of cholera cannot expected through the use of this method.
Besides, only a small percentage of i hogi in the country are treated each year and there is also almost a complete mover of the swine population each year. About ,, cubic centimeters of serum are used every year, which lans, that counting 50 cubic centimeters for each hog, only about 10,, p are treated. If all these nogs were treated, cholera would t be eliminated. It would simply be made impotent to kill many hogs for one ison and would begin to kill again the next season if serum were not usm.
Serum iatment, like insurance, can not be allowed to lapse. The Tobacco Growers' Co-operative Assodatioiu The Tobacco Growers' Co-operative Association with more than 65, embers in three States, the largest marketing association in the United States ok out papers of incorporation at the first meetine of its directors on February h,inRaleish,N. The business of tb it regular meetings of t i.
Mont'ood, Goldsl ;. JrecDBboro, N. The chief business be tobacco to be raise Association. Will W. Yoona, WikoB. J, Bratton. CnbSl, WoodrtoeE. DetaDdo-, Rod HmUw. UeneDset bnedini. Hacar, Phillli. IB each. K- Fmnae. Kf bier. Gvritdak JonM. I idar aow. Cbiden ic. HacD, Uunden. Strain ' " D, Rouu 1, Richmond.
Baum, Vine. Colemui, Java. PurebrM Shetland pony. H yean old, vary dark brown mate, broken toride; very cantle; Mattoi, Jr. Btaey'a Farm, Amelia. Doak, Clifton StalioD. Eliiabeth Baucb, CuBon. Box Cordle, Emporia.
Egga, beet breeding, U for Benley, lilBivill.. Parka atiain direct, ecu. IS tor 10 for tS. SO: far E, Doatpsid; beat pedigreed pan. IS fl ;. BuUetin No. II AO per Btticff. Ilia VirgiDi S Cem. Cnn Junction. II sach. Hill, Fftlla Uilla. C' BEU, priH winoiai atnin, li for t! I, 15 for Il. Mil H. H Taylor, Boi , Beerbowe Roanarg. OaUr Uahone, Egmonl. Em, beat lay ini atraiu, 15 for , ponpald. R- C-r -d C. Mechu Ferris etrsin S. Slella Johsf Purebrerf S. C estai 15fortl.
Purebred 8. SOOeg ' Purebred S. Soutlial], Jel etsnlle. Quantity day old ehicke and ena, S. Valley View Poullry Farm, Hai naonhura. Henkle, Route 4, Hampton. Hill, Fafla Milla. Mra W. Digga, Buck- ecKB, 15 fa Choice purebred B C. CliftoL Purebred S, C. Fiank T- Uabry. Donald Uai i,"a. Stor N Jeflina. Purebred R. U or Hmchums River. Purebrsd egga. Emo, Mahe. CoHman, WoodaSk. A, G Brown.