Todd-AO is a post-production company founded in , providing sound-related services to the motion picture and television industries. The company operates three facilities in the Los Angeles area. Todd-AO is also the name of the widescreen, 70 mm film format that was developed by Mike Todd and the American Optical Company in the mids. Todd-AO was originally founded to promote and. Nov 17, · Todd AO Dimension Todd-AO 35 Todd-AO 70 mm film prints Todd-AO Corp. Todd-AO format Todd-AO Studio Sound Department Todd-AO Studios Todd-AO Todd_AO. Todd-AO is an American post-production company founded in , providing sound-related services to the motion picture and television karacto.xyzdia. Related Articles. 93 rows · The Todd-AO process uses two separate film stocks; a 65 mm negative is used during production and then used to produce the 70 mm positives for distribution. The sprocket holes perforations on the two are the same, and the positives are printed using contact printing with the negatives centered on the larger 70 mm karacto.xyzarters: Hollywood, California, United States.
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Ampex Corporation engineers were in charge of developing the Todd-AO sound system. Ampex would later go on to manufacture the sound system, including selectable four-track composite CinemaScope or six-track composite Todd-AO or four-track interlocked or six-track interlocked or optical sound sources. This may cause some confusion if a Todd-AO credit not necessarily the more specific Todd-AO 35 credit appears in some widescreen films made in the s and s.
The advent of multichannel digital sound in the s obviated these very expensive prints. While Todd-AO was intended to be "Cinerama out of one hole", the extreme wide-angle photography and projection onto a very deeply curved screen which is what that would imply saw little use.
Most Todd-AO theatre installations had only moderately curved screens and the extreme wide-angle camera lenses were used only on a few shots here and there. Todd-AO films made after used a conventional flat widescreen, and resembled ordinary films, except for their greater clarity and six-track stereo sound.
A variation on Todd-AO called Dimension did, however, make use of Cinerama-like deeply curved screens. In some venues, however, Todd-AO and Dimension films received their first run in Cinerama theatres in order that they be shown on a deeply curved screen — such as the first Atlanta showings of The Sound of Music. Todd-AO films were closely associated with what was called roadshow exhibition. At the time, before multiplex theatres became common, most films opened at a large single screen theatre in the downtown area of each large city before eventually moving on to neighborhood theatres.
Often a "hard ticket" policy was in effect, with tickets sold for specific numbered seats, and limited showings per day. In some US cities, individual theaters were converted for use in the s as dedicated Todd-AO "Cinestage" showplaces. The roadshow era ended in the early s, although a very few films among them Gandhi were shown in roadshow format after that. In the s, under the leadership of Dr. Richard Vetter, Todd-AO made an attempt to compete with Panavision in the 35 mm motion picture camera rental market.
The company built a series of anamorphic lenses in the 2. By the s the venture was moribund, and was abandoned. Cinema Products is now defunct.
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios used in film, television and computer screens. In film, a widescreen film is any film image with a width-to-height aspect ratio greater than the standard 1. The name of the gauge is not a direct measurement, and refers to the nominal width of the 35 mm format photographic film, which consists of strips 1.
Each frame is five perforations tall, with an aspect ratio of 2. While few venues were equipped to screen this special format, at the height of its popularity most major markets and cities had a theater that could screen it.
CinemaScope is an anamorphic lens series used, from to , and less often later, for shooting widescreen movies that, crucially, could be screened in theatres using existing equipment, albeit with a lens adapter. Its creation in by Spyros P. Skouras, the president of 20th Century Fox, marked the beginning of the modern anamorphic format in both principal 2. Although the technology behind the CinemaScope lens system was made obsolete by later developments, primarily advanced by Panavision, CinemaScope's anamorphic format has continued to this day.
In film-industry jargon, the shortened form, ' Scope , is still widely used by both filmmakers and projectionists, although today it generally refers to any 2. The trademarked process was marketed by the Cinerama corporation.
It was the first of a number of novel processes introduced during the s, when the movie industry was reacting to competition from television. Cinerama was presented to the public as a theatrical event, with reserved seating and printed programs, and audience members often dressed in their best attire for the evening.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen. Most of the optical and mechanical elements, except for the illumination and sound devices, are present in movie cameras.
A roadshow theatrical release was a term in the motion picture industry for a practice in which a film opened in a limited number of theaters in large cities like New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago and other major cities around the world for a specific period of time before the worldwide general release. Although variants of roadshow releases occasionally still exist, the practice mostly ended in the early s.
Panavision is an American motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California. Formed by Robert Gottschalk as a small partnership to create anamorphic projection lenses during the widescreen boom in the s, Panavision expanded its product lines to meet the demands of modern filmmakers.
The company introduced its first products in Originally a provider of CinemaScope accessories, the company's line of anamorphic widescreen lenses soon became the industry leader. The company has introduced other groundbreaking cameras such as the Millennium XL and the digital video Genesis Techniscope's 2. Thus, Techniscope release prints are made by anamorphosizing and enlarging each frame by a factor of two.
Technirama is a screen process that has been used by some film production houses as an alternative to CinemaScope. It was first used in but fell into disuse in the mids. The process was invented by Technicolor and is an anamorphic process with a screen ratio the same as revised CinemaScope 2. Super Panavision 70 was the marketing brand name used to identify movies photographed with Panavision 70 mm spherical optics between and Ultra Panavision 70 and MGM Camera 65 were, from to , the marketing brands that identified motion pictures photographed with Panavision's anamorphic movie camera lenses on 65 mm film.
Ultra Panavision 70 and MGM Camera 65 were shot at 24 frames per second fps using anamorphic camera lenses. Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
It also refers to the projection format in which a distorted image is "stretched" by an anamorphic projection lens to recreate the original aspect ratio on the viewing screen.
In the late s and s, anamorphic lost popularity in comparison to "flat" formats such as Super 35 with the advent of digital intermediates; however in the years since digital cinema cameras and projectors have become commonplace, anamorphic has experienced a considerable resurgence of popularity, due in large part to the higher base ISO sensitivity of digital sensors, which facilitates shooting at smaller apertures.
In motion picture technology—either film or video— high frame rate HFR refers to higher frame rates than typical prior practice. American post-production company. Hollywood, California , United States. The Wall Street Journal.
Studio Daily. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 9, October 29, Retrieved The great movie musical trivia book 1. For more than five decades, it became the worldwide leader in theater sound. The company operates three facilities in the Los Angeles area. Todd-AO had been founded to promote and distribute this system. Todd-AO began as a high resolution widescreen film format. It was developed to provide a high definition single camera widescreen process to compete with Cinerama , or as characterized by its creator, "Cinerama outta one hole".
Where Cinerama used a complicated setup of three separate strips of film photographed simultaneously, Todd-AO required only a single camera and lens. The company's focus began to shift after Mike Todd's sudden death in an airplane accident in As the production and exhibition markets became saturated with Todd-AO System hardware, the focus of the company gradually began to narrow down to the audio post-production side of the business, and Todd-AO became an independent sound mixing facility for commercial motion picture films and television after acquiring Glen Glenn Sound in As part of the bankruptcy proceedings, the company closed its Hollywood and Santa Monica facilities, leaving only their Burbank location operational.
Contact printing was used on prints that were to be "double system," using a separate, synchronized 35 mm full-coat magnetic film for the 6 sound tracks, in addition to the 70 mm film for the picture.
The much more common 70 mm release prints used a slightly optically reduced picture, and placed four of the soundtracks on either edge outside of the perforations, and two more soundtracks inside the perforations, providing a total of six soundtracks, on a 7. Anyone with a release print in front of them would immediately see the tracks between the picture and the holes, as well as the wider tracks to hold two tracks each outside the holes.
They can be seen in Figure 1 of this article, above the caption "positive 70 mm. Even though there were no subwoofers in theaters in those days, Todd-AO delivered high-impact bass using crisp-sounding horn-loaded speakers. Four lens options covered a , 64, 48 or 37 degree field of view.
Retrieved 6 January Cinema Treasures. Archived from the original on December 31, Motion picture film formats. Categories : Pages with citations using unsupported parameters Pages with broken file links Pages using infobox company with unsupported parameters Companies established in Film and video technology Movie film formats. Hidden category: Pages using deprecated image syntax.
Todd Soundelux. Best Sound Mixing. Inglourious Basterds. The Bourne Ultimatum. Best Sound. Black Hawk Down. The Last of the Mohicans. Chris Jenkins , David E. Campbell , D. Hemphill, Thomas Causey. Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Empire of the Sun. Close Encounters of the Third Kind. A Star is Born. Robert Knudson , Chris Newman. Robert Knudson and David Hildyard.
The Sound of Music. West Side Story. South Pacific. Academy Scientific and Technical Award. Best Sound Recording. Dodge, Bradley C.